Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
WH UNIT 3
Terms in this set (48)
Beginning in the 700s BCE, first rulers of Roman Republic and Empire; Laid the foundation for Rome and Roman civilization
In ancient Rome, the supreme government body usually made up only of aristocrats
Powerful landowners who controlled Roman government and society; A group of people who made up the ruling class of Rome
Members of the lower class of Ancient Rome including farmers, merchants, artisans and traders
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
Two officials from the patrician class were appointed each year of the Roman Republic to supervise the government and command the armies
A ruler who has complete power over a country
A military unit of the ancient Roman army made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback.
Being community members who owe loyalty to the government and are entitled to protection from it.
In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.
Rome's first code of laws; adopted in 450 B.C.
a Phoenician colony in northern Africa; became a major port and commercial power in the western Mediterranean; fought the Punic Wars with Rome for dominance of the western Mediterranean.
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
Carthaginian military commander who, in the Second Punic War, attempted a surprise attack on Rome, crossing the Alps with a large group of soldiers, horses, and elephants.
slaves in Rome
Cooks, messengers, teachers, secretaries, farmers, and miners;Could regain their freedom;They could obtain money.
civil war in Rome
Result of Caesar crossing the Rubicon River: Between Poor and Rich
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
Brothers from a wealthy family that fought for the rights of the lower classes in Rome. Both were assasinated.
100-44 BC. Roman general who ended Roman Republic. Conquered Gaul with his powerful army. Made himself Roman dictator in 46 BC. Assassinated by Brutus and others in 44 BC because he was too powerful.
a group of three leaders sharing control of the government.
Julius Caesar's grandnephew, later known as Augustus. By defeating Mark Antony, he gained rule of all roman lands. He was Rome's first true emperor.
Caesar's friend and right-hand man who teamed with Octavian to capture and punish Caesar's murderers. They divided the Roman territory in half. He fell for Cleopatra (queen of Egypt) and ruled the east. He lost to Octavian's navy in Battle of Actium.
(63 BCE - 14 CE) First emperor of Rome; He restored order and prosperity to the Empire after nearly a century of turmoil. Grandnephew to Julius Caesar.
Existed from 27 BCE to about 400 CE. Conquiered entire Mediterranean coast and most of Europe. Ruled by an emperor. Eventually oversaw the rise and spread of Christianity.
200 year period of peace in Rome.
Roman city near Naples, Italy, which was buried during an eruption of Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79
a term that refers to the dispersion of Jews away from Palestine into other parts of the Mediterranean, beginning with the Babylonian conquests in the sixth century B.C.E.
Fall of Rome
division of empire, lack of patriotism, corruption and luxury, invasions, disease, too many slaves, income inequality
(245-313) Emperor of Rome who was responsible for dividing Rome into different provinces and districts. Eventually, the eastern portions of the Empire became known as the Byzantine Empire.
Roman Emperor between 306 CE and 337 CE. He issued the Edict of Milan which outlawed the persecution of Christians. He also founded the city that would be the future capital of the Byzantine Empire.
these set of laws formed a republic after disposing of the monarch. Romans declared that they would never again be ruled by a kind and would kill anyone who plotted to make themselves king.
Became the basis of many modern European languages.
Any of the languages derived from Latin including Italian, Spanish, French, and Romanian.
A person belonging to a tribe or group that is considered uncivilized
Roman Catholic Church
Church established in western Europe during the Roman Empire and the Middle Ages with its head being the bishop of Rome or pope.
A career that uses science to design, create, and work with technology
Bridge-like stone structures that carry water from the hills into Roman cities
Built all over Rome; helped traveling for people and also military
A large stadium in ancient Rome where athletic events took place
A Roman outdoor arena in which public games, such as chariot races, were held
People who fought animals and one another in arenas
an ancient culture that developed from a blending of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman cultures.
A teacher and prophet whose life and teachings form the basis of Christianity. Christians believe he is to be Son of God and the Christ.
12 men Jesus had chosen to help Him in his teaching
A.D. 5-67 One of the 12 apostles of Jesus; Roman Catholics consider him to be the first pope, bishop of Rome
A Jew from the Greek city of Tarsus in Anatolia, he initially persecuted the followers of Jesus but, after receiving a revelation on the road to Syrian Damascus, became a Christian.
4 books of the Bible recording Jesus birth, public ministries, and Passion; Matthew, Mark, Luke and John
A Hebrew word meaning "God's anointed one." Translated as "Christ" in Greek.
Name given to Jews and Gentiles who began to follow the teachings of Jesus. The name is first used in the City of Antioch.
Recommended textbook explanations
World History Patterns of Interaction
Dahia Ibo Shabaka, Larry S. Krieger, Linda Black, Phillip C. Naylor, Roger B. Beck
Anthony Esler, Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis
Modern World History
Holt McDougal World History
This set is often in folders with...
WH UNIT 2
WH UNIT 4
WH UNIT 7
WH UNIT 8
You might also like...
Ancient Rome Terms/Concepts/People
The Romans- Outline
Other sets by this creator
BIO Human Body UNIT 10
WH UNIT 6
BIO UNIT 5
Other Quizlet sets
Incorporation and Organization of Private Corporat…
A&P II Final multiple choice questions
Psalms and Wisdom Literature Final
chapter 4 - correlation and linear regression