Adaptive ecosystem management is based on four principles.
First, integrate ecological, economic, and social principles to help maintain and restore the sustainability and biological diversity of reserves while supporting sustainable economies and communities.
Second, look for ways to get government agencies, private conservation organizations, scientists, business interests, and private landowners to reach a consensus on how to achieve common conservation objectives.
Third, view all decisions and strategies as scientific and social experiments and use failures as opportunities for learning and improvement.
Fourth, Emphasize continual information gathering, monitoring, reassessment, flexibility, adaptation, and innovation in the face of unpredictable change.