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psychological reaction to a highly stressful event; symptoms may include depression, anxiety, flashbacks, and recurring nightmares
cycle of violence
victims of crime, especially victims of childhood abuse, are more likely to commit crimes themselves
victim precipitation theory
view that victims may initiate, either actively or passively, the confrontation that leads to their victimization
aggressive or provocative behavior of victims that results in their victimization
personal or social characteristics of victims that make them attractive targets for criminals; may unknowingly either threaten or encourage their attackers
views on how people become crime victims because of lifestyles that increase their exposure to criminal offenders
routine activities theory
view that victimization results from the interaction of three everyday factors: the availability of suitable targets, the absence of capable guardians, and the presence of motivated offenders
victim-witness assistance programs
government programs that help crime victims and witnesses; may include compensation, court services, and/or crisis intervention
financial aid awarded to crime victims to repay them for their loss and injuries; may cover medical bills, loss of wages, loss of future earnings, and/or counseling
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