Clauses of the Constitution

the three-fifths clause (slaves count as 3/5 of a citizen for purposes of representation in the House and "direct taxation" of the states)
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Terms in this set (25)
Take care clause (or the "faithfully execute" clause) (the President shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed)Par. 2, clause 3: Article 2Exceptions clause ("In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make.")Par. 2, clause 2: Article 3Full faith and credit clause ("Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state.")Par. 1: article 4Privileges and immunities clause (or the "comity" clause) ("The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states.").Par. 2, clause 1: Article 4Guarantee clause ("The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.").Par. 4: Article 4Supremacy clause (or the "preemption" clause) (the Constitution, laws made thereunder, and treaties made under the authority of the U.S. "shall be the supreme law of the land" - i.e., federal law trumps state law)Clause 2: article 5Oath or affirmation clause (Members of Congress and officers of the Executive and Judicial branches must take an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution)Clause 3: Article 5First AdmendmentEstablishment clause (Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion) o Free exercise clause (or just the "exercise" clause) (Congress shall make no law prohibiting the free exercise of religion) o Free speech clause (Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech) o Freedom of the press clause (Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of the press) o Assembly clause (Congress shall make no law abridging the right of the people peaceably to assemble - but don't forget the "time, place, and manner" caveat) o Petition clause (or the "grievance" clause) (Congress shall make no law abridging the right to petition the government for a redress of grievances).Second AmendmentRight to bear armsFourth Amendmento Search and seizure clause ("The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.")Fifth Amendmento Double jeopardy clause (no person shall "be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb" - i.e., can't be tried twice for the same crime) o Due process clause (no one shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law) o Self-incrimination clause (no one shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself) o Just compensation clause (a/k/a the "eminent domain" clause) (the government shall not take private property for public use without just compensation).Sixth Amendmento Compulsory process clause (in all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall have the right -- ▪ To a trial by an impartial jury where the crime was committed, ▪ to be told what the alleged crime is (a/k/a an "indictment") ▪ to be confronted with the witnesses against him ▪ to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor - i.e., the right to subpoena witnesses, and ▪ to a lawyer. o Speedy trial clause (In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial.)Eighth Amendmento Cruel and unusual punishment clause: it's prohibited, along with excessive bail.Tenth Amendmento Reserved power clause ("The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.").14th section 1 amendmento Citizenship clause ("All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.") o Due process clause ("No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges and immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law;..."). o Equal protection clause ("...nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws").