29 terms

Cell Biology Test #1

Organelles and DNA and stuff.
STUDY
PLAY
Cell Membrane
The thin outer layer of a cell which controls what gets in and out.
Cytoplasm
A jelly like substance which contains the organelles.
Mitochondria
Provides energy for the cells.
Ribosomes
Manufacturing plants for proteins.
Endoplasmic Reticulum
A transport system for materials made in the cell.
Vesicles
Transport materials to and from the Golgi Body.
Golgi Body
Sorts and packages proteins for transport.
Nucleus
Controls all cell activities.
Nucleolus
Membrane-free organelle which builds ribosomes.
Nuclear membrane
Protects the contents of the nucleus.
Vacuoles
Membrane-bound storage containers.
Chloroplast
Uses sunlight to make energy. Only found in plant cells.
Cell Wall
A rigid structure that offers support and protection. Only found in plant cells.
Large Vacuole
Stores water. Only found in plant cells.
Chromosomes
Chromatin coils tightly into X shaped _____
Chromosomes
Every organism has a specific number of _____
46, 23
Human Cells have __ chromosomes arranged in __ pairs.
23rd
This chromosome pair determines what gender you will be.
Guanine
G
Thymine
T
Adenine
A
Cytosine
C
T
A goes with _
C
G goes with _
G
C goes with _
A
T goes with _
Bases
The "rungs" of the DNA ladder.
Sugar
Most of the DNA's exterior.
Phosphates
Small strips on the DNA's exterior.