english holocaust terms
Terms in this set (22)
Led by the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union; united to oppose the Axis powers.
Irrational prejudice, discrimination against Jews; dislike, hatred, and persecution of Jews.
The largest Nazi death camp, located in southwestern Poland near the city of Krakow. Over one million Jews were murdered there, while tens of thousands of others were put to work as slave laborers for nearby industrial complexes. Also, Auschwitz II consisted of a huge slave labor camp complex where workers serviced I.G. Farbencompany and manufactured Bunda, a synthetic rubber.
Powers of Germany, Italy, and Japan, and their allies.
A concentration camp in northern Germany for the detainment of prisoners of war and other "exchangeable" prisoners. As the war ended, conditions deteriorated and 34,168 people perished from disease and malnutrition. The camp was liberated by Allied troops in the spring of 1945.
Prison camps that held Jews, Gypsies, political and religious opponents of the Nazis, resistance fighters, homosexuals, and others considered to be "enemies of the state." People there died of starvation, disease, hard labor, and exhaustion. The term's origin comes from the British policy of "concentrating" South African rebels during the Boer War.
Facilities constructed to mechanize and speed-up the killing process as set forth in The Final Solution. All six death camps were located in Poland.
Dutch opetka company
Otto Frank's business, which made pectin, a powdered fruit extract used to make jam.
Deliberate, systematic murder of an entire culture, ethnic, racial, or religious group
The secret police of the Third Reich, which used terror and torture to eliminate political opposition in Germany. The Gestapo also orchestrated the arrest and deportation of Jews.
Areas of cities in eastern Europe in which Jews were forced to live in extreme, overcrowded conditions with little food, medicine, heat, and sanitation. In 1941, ghetto inhabitants were sent to concentration and death camps.
The systematic state-directed genocide of six million Jews and others during World War II. The word "Holocaust" means to burn completely.
The action or process of trying to obtain freedom and equal rights.
National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP)) :
The Nazi Party; a right-wing, anti-Semitic, nationalist party led by Adolf(ph) Hitler during his reign of power.
The act or practice of harassing or annoying those who differ in origin, religion, or social outlook.
The spreading of ideas, information, or rumor for the purpose of helping or injuring an institution, cause, or person.
An individual or group of people who are blamed for the actions of others.
SS (Schutzstaffel) :
The black-shirted, elite guards of Hitler that also ran the concentration and death camps.
A fixed image or notion of a person or group; to assign characteristics observed in a few people to an entire group.
Nazi term for Germany and German-occupied territories in Europe from 1933-1945.
A transit camp for Dutch Jews in northern Holland from which almost 100,000 Jews were deported to concentration camps between 1942-1944.
Star of David
The six-pointed, yellow Star of David is the Jewish religious symbol that the Nazis forced Jews over the age of six to wear as a mark of shame and to make them visible. In the Netherlands the Star carried the Dutch word "Jood," meaning "Jew," in the middle.