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10 terms

Medical Body Positions

Positions patients are placed in for treatment, examination, or surgery.
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Supine
Patient laying flat on back with knees straight and arms at sides
Prone
Patient laying flat on stomach with knees straight, arms can be either under head or at sides
Dorsal Recumbent
Patient laying on back with knees bent and feet flat on the examination table
Lithotomy
Patient laying on back with knees bent, thighs apart, and feet in stirrups
Knee-chest
Patient face down with head, chest, and knees on examination table, knees bent with rear end up in the air
Sims' (aka Left Lateral Position)
Patient lying on left side with left arm behind back, right hip and knee flexed.
Trendelenburg
Patient lies supine at angle with head lower than trunk, knees bent
Modified Trendelenburg
Patient lies supine at an angle with head lower than trunk, knees straight
Sitting
Patient sits upright on examination table with knees bent over table edge, feet may be resting on footrest
Fowler's
Patient sits upright on examination table with legs extended, trunk at a 90-degree angle with back supported. Knees may be elevated.