History Ch. 12
Terms in this set (13)
What were three major issues of Reconstruction?
-How will southern states rejoin the Union?
-How will the Aouthern Economy be rebuilt?
-What Right will AAs have?
How did Lincoln's goals differ from those of the Radical Republicans?
The radicals wanted:
-to punish the southerners
-to advocate full citizenship for AAs
-to give land from southerners to AAs
-"10% plan" if 10% of southerners pledged loyalty to the union, they could set up a new gov.
-if the S. states abolished slavery and provided education for AAs, the state would regain representation in Congress.
-he wanted to compensate them for lost property
How did the southern states try to re establish conditions before the war.
-limited votes to whites
-limited rights of AAs and kept them as landless workers.
-If blacks weren't working, they could be arrested
-the southerners used violence and force to keep these "black codes"
How did the 14th and 15th Amendments extend the rights of AAs
14th: guaranteed equality under the law for all citizens.
15th: forbid states to deny voting on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Reconstruction in the south
What new groups were active in politics under Republican gov?
-Scalawags: southern white men who had been locked out of pre Civil War politics by their wealthy neighbors.
-Carpetbaggers: northerners who. over to the south after the war
Why were schools and churches important to freed people?
-they could vote wisely and protect themselves from being cheated
-it allowed them to become educated and to find jobs.
What arrangements allowed landless people to farm?
~sharecropping: system in which a farmer tende a portion of a planters land in return for a share of the crop
~share-tenancy: like sharecropping, but the farmer chose what cup he would plant and bought his own supplies
~tenant farming: farmer paid rent to a landowner for the use of the land
How did the federal government react to racial violence?
Enforcement Acts(KKK Acts): makes it a federal offense to mess w/ a persons right to vote.
Why did the public lose confidence in government?
-"He gave high-level advisory posts to untrustworthy friends and acquaintances who used their positions to line their own pockets."
-Everyone was becoming greedy.
How did the southern Redeemers gain power?
their main strategy was to find common issues that United the southerners around the goal of regaining power in congress.
-they wanted to "redeem the south"
-in actuality they wanted to "redeem" the south from the northerners and re establish wealthy white white governors, and send confederates to Congress
What were the positive effects of Reconstruction?
-south got public school system
-right to vote for blacks
-14th, 15th, and 16th amendments.