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168 terms

Med Term Ch 3 & 4 (Language of Medicine)

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intercostal
Pertaining to between the ribs
contralateral
pertaining to the opposite side of the body
exophthalmos
protrusion of the eyeball
syndactyly
A congenital anomaly
symbosis
a close relationship in which at least one of the species benefit. Parasitism is an example
prodrome
symptom that precedes a disease
ante cibum
before meals (a.c.)
antibodies
PROTEIN SUBSTANCES MADE BY LEUKOCYTES
symphysis
bones grow together, as in the pelvis
ultrasonography
sound waves and echoes are used to create an image
metamorphosis
change of form or shape
hypertrophy
increase in cell size; increased development
hyperglycemia
excessive sugar in the blood
retroperitoneal
behind the abdomen
antigens
ex: streptococci
relapse
Return of symptoms of disease.
dia-
through, complete
abductor muscle
carries a limb away from the body
dyspnea
difficult breathing
brady-
slow
parathyroid gland
Four small glands located on dorsal aspect of thyroid gland. Maintains CALCIUM levels of blood.
recombinant DNA
gene from one organism is inserted into another organism
tachycardia
rapid heart beat
epithelium
surface cells that line internal organs and are found in the skin
percutaneous
through the skin
neonatal
pertaining to newborn (spelling)
postmortem
after death (spelling)
metastasis
beyond controlling (spelling)
syndrome
a group of symptoms
bifurcation
normal splitting into two branches (spelling)
antibody
protein that helps destroy pathogens (spelling)
antibiotic
pertaining to against life. (spelling)
diarrhea
to flow through (spelling)
symbosis
two organisms living together in close association. (spelling)
benign
mild, not cancerous (spelling)
bradycardia
abnormally slow heartbeat (spelling)
bilateral
both sides (spelling)
dehydration
lack of water (spelling)
anoxia
without oxygen (spelling)
antisepsis
against infection (spelling)
antepartum
before birth (spelling)
apnea
not breathing (spelling)
antigen
foreign substance (spelling)
euphoria
feeling of well-being (spelling)
inter-
between
intra-
within
infra-
below
contra-
against
ad-
Toward
para-
abnormal, beside, near
peri-
surrounding
per-
through
syn-
together, with
pro-
before
postnatal
pertaining to after birth
ectopic
out of place
pancytopenia
Deficiency of all blood cells
hyperglycemia
condition of excessive sugar in the blood
ab-
away from
ante-
before, forward
cata-
down
contra-
against, opposite
epi-
upon, on, above
eu-
good
hyper-
above, excessive
hypo-
under, below, deficient
poly-
many, much
post-
after; behind
syn-, sym-
together, with
retro-
backward, behind
supra-
above, upper
endo-
in, within
bi-
two
no, not, without
a-, an-
pan-
all
neo-
new
hemi-
half
micro-
small
tachy-
fast
pseudo-
false
dys-
bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
dia-
through, complete
ultra-
beyond, excess
con-
together, with
mal-
bad
meta-
beyond, change
para-
abnormal, beside, near
anti-
against
necr/o
death
carp/o
Wrist
gloss/o
tongue
seps/o
infection
cost/o
rib
-rrhea
flow, discharge
-plasia
development, formation
-pnea
breathing
-partum
birth, labor
-trophy
development, nourishment
amniocentesis
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amnion sac surrounding the embryo and fetus.
tonsillitis
inflammation of lymph tissue in the throat
-ptosis
prolapse, downward displacement
ischemia
To hold back blood
necr/o
death
acromegaly
abnormal enlargement of the extremeties (hands and feet) that is caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone after puberty
otalgia
pain in the ear
chronic
continuing for a long time
arteriole
small artery
-scope
instrument for examination
cystocele
hernia of the urinary bladder
multiple myeloma
malignant tumor of bone marrow cells
myelogram
X-ray record of the spinal cord
polymorphonuclear leukocyte
neutrophil
angiography
process of recording blood vessels
eosinophil
White blood cell with reddish granules; numbers increase in allergic reactions
-malacia
softening
-sclerosis
hardening
pericardium
surrounds the heart
arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries
hepatomegaly
enlargement of the liver
tracheostomy
Creation of an opening into the trachea
abdominocentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdominal cavity
pleurodynia
pain of the pleura (chest wall)
ophthalmology
study of the eye
staphylococci
Berry - shapped bacteria in clusters.
laryngeal
pertaining to the voice box
pneumonia
Condition of the lungs; fluid and foreign organisms collect in the lungs.
leukopenia
deficiency of white blood cells
hypertrophy
excessive development
inguinal
pertaining to the groin
platelet
Clotting cell or thrombocyte.
phlebotomy
incision of a vein
venule
small vein
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
-dynia
pain
-stasis
stopping, controlling
-plasty
surgical repair
-genesis
condition of producing, forming
-cyte
cell
-penia
deficiency
-trophy
nourishment, development
-emia
blood condition
-graphy
process of recording
-scope
instrument for visual examination
-phobia
fear
-megaly
enlargement
-ptosis
drooping, sagging, prolapse
-lysis
breakdown, destruction, separation
-tomy
incision
-therapy
treatment
-ectomy
excision
-stomy
new opening
chondr/o
cartilage
lapar/o
abdomen
inguin/o
groin
axill/o
armpit
blephar/o
eyelid
mamm/o
breast
angi/o
blood vessel
cyst/o
urinary bladder
isch/o
to hold back
adip/o
Fat
hepat/o
liver
my/o
muscle
ot/o
ear
tonsill/o
tonsil
morph/o
shape, form
pneumon/o
lungs (pulmon/o)
pulmon/o
lung (pneumon/o)