5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Independent variable
- Response sets
- Practical significance
- Hindsight bias
- Illusionary correlation
- a Are tendencies of research participants to distort their responses to questionaire items.
- b A perception of a statistical association between two variables where none exists.
- c The tendency to overestimate how well we could have successfully forecasted known outcomes.
- d It has a real-worl importance.
- e The treatment or intervention that the experimenter "manipulates" or varies.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A heuristic that includes judging the probability of an event by its superficial similarity to a prototype.
- The measure of how loosely or tightly bunched scores are.
- The middle score in a data set; a measure of central tendency.
- Cues that participants pick up from a study that allow them to generate guesses regarding the researcher's hypotheses.
- The measure of dispersion that takes into account how far each data point is from the mean.
5 True/False questions
Internal validity → The extent to which we can draw cause-and effect inferences from a study.
Mode → The most frequent score in a data set; a measure of central tendency.
Experimental group → A research design characterized by random assignment of participants to conditions and manipulation of an independent variable.
Cognitive bias → The tendency to overestimate how well we could have successfully forecasted known outcomes.
External validity → The extent to which we can draw cause-and effect inferences from a study.