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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Independent variable
  2. Response sets
  3. Practical significance
  4. Hindsight bias
  5. Illusionary correlation
  1. a Are tendencies of research participants to distort their responses to questionaire items.
  2. b A perception of a statistical association between two variables where none exists.
  3. c The tendency to overestimate how well we could have successfully forecasted known outcomes.
  4. d It has a real-worl importance.
  5. e The treatment or intervention that the experimenter "manipulates" or varies.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A heuristic that includes judging the probability of an event by its superficial similarity to a prototype.
  2. The measure of how loosely or tightly bunched scores are.
  3. The middle score in a data set; a measure of central tendency.
  4. Cues that participants pick up from a study that allow them to generate guesses regarding the researcher's hypotheses.
  5. The measure of dispersion that takes into account how far each data point is from the mean.

5 True/False questions

  1. Internal validityThe extent to which we can draw cause-and effect inferences from a study.

          

  2. ModeThe most frequent score in a data set; a measure of central tendency.

          

  3. Experimental groupA research design characterized by random assignment of participants to conditions and manipulation of an independent variable.

          

  4. Cognitive biasThe tendency to overestimate how well we could have successfully forecasted known outcomes.

          

  5. External validityThe extent to which we can draw cause-and effect inferences from a study.