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Landform Definitions

These are the definitions of landforms Mrs. Ziraldo gave us.
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archipelago
a group of closely scattered islands
atoll
ring-shaped island formed by coral buildup on the rim of an underwater volcano
canyon
deep, narrow valley with high steep walls
delta
triangular section of land built up at a river's mouth
glacier
large body of ice that moves across the earth's surface
jungle
densely overgrown land with tropical vegetation
ocean
large continuous body of salt water
sea
body of salt water surrounded almost entirely by land
sound
long, wide body of water connecting larger bodies of water, larger than a channel
badlands
area of barren land with roughly eroded ridges and peaks
cape
point of land projecting into a body of water
desert
dry areas of land, desolate, waterless, and without vegetation
gulf
an area of a sea or ocean partially enclosed by land, larger than a bay
lagoon
shallow pool of water at the center of an atoll
peninsula
piece of land that is surrounded by water on 3 sides
swamp
lowland region saturated by water
bay
body of water that is partly enclosed by land with a wide outlet to the ocean
cave
underground hollow often having an opening in the side of a hill or cliff
dune
in deserts and on beaches, windblown sand that have formed hills
hill
part of land that rises noticeably above the rest of the land
lake
body of water completely surrounded by land
plain
flat or gently rolling lands
beach
sandy, pebbly, or rocky shore of a body of water
tundra
vast treeless plains with permafrost and small, low plants
channel
deeper part of a river or harbor
fjord
long, steep-sided glacial valley now filled by seawater
iceburg
large chunks of ice that break off glaciers
marsh
an area of low-lying, wet land
plateau
flat land mass higher than the surrounding land, with at least one steep side (papa bear)
valley
lowland between mountain ranges or hills, often having a river or stream running along the bottom
butte
hill that rises abruptly from surrounding area withsloping sides and a flat top (baby bear)
cliff
high, steep or overhanging rock face
forest
dense growth of trees and other plants covering a large area
island
a piece of land surrounded by water
mesa
flat-topped, elevated landform (mama bear)
prairie
an inland grassland area
volcano
mountains formed when lava rises through the earth's crust
canal
an artificial waterway used for irrigation or travel
continent
one of the seven large landmasses on earth
geyser
natural hot spring that emits a column of water and steam into the air
isthmus
narrow piece of land that connects 2 large landmasses and separates 2 bodies of water
mountain
land that rises above surrounding land with steep slopes and a peak or summit
river
a stream of water of considerable volume
waterfall
steep descent of water from a height