55 terms

American History Early Presidents Test Review

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George Washington
first president; set many precedents for later presidents
John Adams
Washington's Vice President; second president
Thomas Jefferson
first Secretary of State; third president
Alexander Hamilton
first Secretary of Treasury
Edmund Randolph
first Attorney General
Henry Knox
first Secretary of War
Samuel Osgood
first Postmaster General
John Jay
first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
Napoleon Bonaparte
emperor of France
James Monroe
fifth president; sent to France to buy New Orleans; issued the Monroe Doctrine
Lewis and Clark
explored the territory of the Louisiana Purchase
Sacagawea
Shoshone Indian woman who acted as Lewis and Clark's guide and interpreter
James Madison
fourth president; president during the War of 1812
Andrew Jackson
hero of the War of 1812; seventh president
Who were the first seven presidents?
George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson
precedent
traditions or examples that are followed by others
Cabinet
the heads of the executive departments that help the president carry out his duties and give him advice
judicial review
the rights of the Supreme Court to determine if a law violates the Constitution or not
tariff
taw on imports
democratic
government of the people, by the people, and for the people
nationalism
loyalty to a nation and promotion of its interests above all others
continental divide
a ridge of the Rocky Mountains that separates the rivers and streams that flow west to the Pacific Ocean from those flowing east toward the Mississippi River and Gulf of Mexico
impressment
the British kidnapped American sailors and forced them to serve in their Navy
capital of U.S. during Washington's presidency
New York
How many terms did Washington serve?
2
Washington's Vice President
John Adams
Department of State
handle relations with other countries; Thomas Jefferson
Department of Treasury
deals with financial matters; Alexander Hamilton
Department of War
provide for the nation's defense; Henry Knox
Attorney General
handle legal affairs; Edmund Randolph
Postmaster
oversee postal service; Samuel Osgood
Who proposed national bank and tariff?
Alexander Hamilton
What is the total price of the Louisiana Purchase?
15 million
What is the price per acre of the Louisiana Purchase?
3 cents
What is the number of states created from the Louisiana Territory?
13 states
What was the first state created from the Louisiana Purchase?
Louisiana
What country was Louisiana purchased from?
France
Ruler of France
Napoleon Bonaparte
Who was the president of the U.S. when the Louisiana Purchase took place?
Thomas Jefferson
Who was the delegate sent to purchase New Orleans?
James Monroe
What year was Louisiana purchased in?
1803
Who explored the Louisiana Territory?
Lewis and Clark
Who was Lewis and Clark's guide?
Sacagawea
What are the borders of Louisiana?
New Orleans and the Gulf of Mexico to Canada, and the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains
What was most people's occupation in the 1800s?
farmers
What country did the U.S. fight in the War of 1812?
England
What were the reasons for the War of 1812?
1) British attacks on American ships; impressment of American sailors
2) Warheads wanted to gain Canada for America
3) British armed and encouraged Native Americans to attack the Americans
What happened to Washington D.C. in the War of 1812?
it was taken over by the British and many important buildings were burned
Who wrote the "Star Spangled Banner"?
Francis Scott Key
What battle was the "Star Spangled Banner" written during?
The Battle of Fort McHenry
Who was a hero in the Battle of New Orleans?
Andrew Jackson
Why was the Battle of New Orleans unusual?
The peace treaty had already been signed a couple weeks before.
What were some important results of the war?
new leaders were discovered; respect from other nations was earned; the war helped American manufacturing
What did the Monroe Doctrine mean?
If Europeans didn't mess with us, we wouldn't mess with them
Who issued the Monroe Doctrine and when?
James Monroe; 1823