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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Colonial Resistance to Taxes Test
Terms in this set (32)
How did Britain treat the colonies after the war?
They planned to tax the colonies and tighten trade rules.
What happened to Britain as a result of their victory in the French and Indian War?
They were in debt as a result of war with France.
What happened under Britain's Writs of Assistance?
Colonist accused of smuggling goods were tried by royally appointed judges and could not longer receive light punishment from colonial juries.
What did Britain want the colonies to do?
The king and parliament wanted the colonies to pay the cost of the war.
What were customs officers allowed to do under the Writs of Assistance?
They were allowed to search for smuggled goods on private property.
Why did the British Parliament pass the Sugar Act of 1764?
To lower the tax on molasses and encourage the colonist to pay the tax the tax without smuggling.
Why were the colonists upset by the Sugar Act?
The customs officer could seize goods from accused smugglers without going to court.
What was the Stamp Act of 1765?
A tax that was placed on all printed materials that the colonists needed.
What was the basis for the colonists opposition to the Stamp Act?
That only the colonial assemblies had the right to tax the colonists.
What were examples of documents taxed by the Stamp Act?
Newspapers, marriage/birth certificates, wills, and playing cards.
What did Patrick Henry get the Virginia House of Burgess to pass?
A resolution that they had the sole authority to tax the colonial residents.
What did Samuel Adams and the residents of Boston do in response to the Stamp Act?
They organized the "Sons of Liberty" to protest the Stamp Act
What did merchants in cities such as New York and Philadelphia do in response to the Stamp Act?
They called for a boycott of all British goods
What was the Stamp Act Congress?
Nine colonies sent representatives to New York to declare that only the colonies could tax them.
What happened as a result of the boycott?
The colonial boycott was successful and parliament repealed the Stamp Act.
What was the Declaratory Act?
Britain repealed the Stamp Act but asserted its authority to tax the colonies.
What were the Townsend Acts?
A tax Britain created to pay for services of British governors and soldiers in the colonies.
How did the colonist resist the Townsend Acts?
Threatened violence against British tax officials and an angry mob injured several people and led to more British troops in colonies.
What type of items did the Townsend Act tax?
Tea, glass, lead, paint, and paper in the colonies.
How did the Daughter of Liberty respond to the Townsend Acts?
They held a boycott and made their own cloth so that they wouldn't have to pay the tax.
What happened at the incident known as the "Boston Massacre?"
On March 5, 1770 violence broke between colonists and soldiers. The colonists threw sticks and stones at the British soldiers. British panicked and fired into the crowd killing five people.
What did Britain conclude from the colonist's actions?
Colonists were on the brink of rebellion and they needed to send more British soldiers, known as "redcoats"
Who was Crispus Attucks?
A part Native American/ African dockworker who was killed in the Boston
What happened as a result of the tea act?
The British India Tea Company almost went out of business and as a result the colonist were forced to import tea directly and pay a tax on it.
How did the Committees of Correspondence work to improve how colonists spread news?
The new committees circulated calls for action against Britain while Samuel Adams revised the original committee to help them spread news.
George Washington, Richard Henry Lee, Patrick Henry
Samuel Adams and John Adams
New York Delegate:
Why did Britain pass the Coercive Acts?
To punish the Colonist in Boston for their part in the Boston Tea Party.
Describe the Boston Tea Party:
Colonists dressed up as Mohawk Native Americans dumped almost 300 cases of tea into the Boston Harbor to protest the Tea Act.
Describe the meeting of the colonies in 1774, where did it happen and what was decided at the meeting?
55 delegates from all colonies except Georgia met in Philadelphia to challenge Britain's authority in the colonies by adopting the Massachusetts Suffolk resolves declaring that the Coercive Acts were illegal.
What did the colonists call the Coercive Acts and what did the coercive acts do?
They called them the Intolerable Acts, the acts forbid town meetings in Boston, closed Boston Harbor to boats, and allowed for British soldiers to seek quarter in homes of the colonists.
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