61 terms

Religion Vocab 1

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Anna
widow who wanted to see Jesus in "The Presentation of Jesus in the Temple"
Augustus Caesar
ruler at the time of Jesus
Bethlehem
city where Jesus was born
Bible
is a holy book made up of 46 books in Old Testament and 27 books in the New Testament, means book.
Canaan
what Israel was called before Jesus
Christ
means Messiah
Divine Inspiration
inspiration that was given to the writers of the Bible
Elizabeth
mother of John the Baptist, Mary's cousin
Emmanuel
means God with us
Epistle
letters in the Bible
Evangelist
means "proclaimers of the Good News"
Mark
companion of Peter, symbol=Lion (John's voice in the wilderness), main audience=persecuted christians, characteristics=short & fast moving, portrait of Jesus=man of action & man of suffering
Matthew
apostle, symbol=man (the human ancestry of Christ), main audience=Jewish converts, characteristics=quotations from hebrew scriptures five sermons, portrait of Jesus=teacher & new Moses
Luke
greek doctor gentile & and companion of Paul, symbol=ox (Zechariah offering sacrifice), main audience=gentile christians, characteristics=infancy stories warm human portraits, portrait of Jesus=savior friend of all: sinners, the poor, women, Samaritans
John
apostle, symbol=eagle (the Divine Word thoughts soaring above Earth), main audience=christians defending their faith, characteristics=poetic symbols reflective discourse, portrait of Jesus=son of God giver of life
Galilee
province that Jesus lived in
Gentile
non-jews
Gospel
means "Good News"
Ichthys
means fish
Incarnation
means in the flesh
Israel
the country that Jesus lived in
Jerusalem
capital of Israel
Jesus
Son of God
John the Baptist
son of Elizabeth, first baptizer, Jesus' cousin
Joseph
Jesus' earth father, Mary's husband, and carpenter
Judea
province in Israel
King Herod
Jewish king who wanted to kill Jesus when he was a child
Mary
Jesus' mother
Messiah
means the great leader sent by God
Nazareth
Jesus' home town
Palestine
what Israel was called during Jesus' time
Pharisees
Jews who strictly observed the Law/ Torah
Pontius Pilate
Roman governor who persecuted Jesus
Sadducees
wealthy and powerful leaders, worked with Rome, didn't believe in resurrection, didn't believe in adding to the Law
Samaria
province in Israel, that jews avoided
Savior
means God Saves
Simeon
prophet who waited for Jesus and was promised by God that he would see Jesus before he died
Son of God
Jesus was God too
Son of Man
Jesus was human too
Synoptic
same view
Synoptic Gospels
Mark, Matthew, and Luke, similar Gospels
The Acts of the Apostles
book in the New Testament about the actions of Jesus' apostles
The Annunciation
first joyful mystery, when the angel Gabriel came to Mary and told her that she was going to give birth to Jesus
The Book of Revelation
last book of the Bible written by John
The Dead Sea
sea east of Judea
The Finding in the Temple
fifth joyful mystery, when Mary and Joseph went to a festival in Jerusalem and they lost Jesus, they found Jesus in the Temple talking to the priest
The Jordan River
river that runs into the Dead Sea
The Law
first 5 books of the Old Testament, sacred and were closely followed, also known as the Torah
The Torah
first 5 books of the Old Testament, sacred and were closely followed, also known as the Law
The Mediterranean Sea
the sea west of Palestine
The Nativity
third joyful mystery, story of Jesus' birth and how the angels, shepherds and wise men came to see Jesus
The Pascal Mystery
is the work of salvation accomplished by Jesus Christ through his suffering, death, resurrection, and ascension
The Presentation of Jesus in the Temple
fourth joyful mystery, when Jesus was a week old Mary brought Jesus to the Temple, to offer him to God. All Jewish people had to do this.
The Promised Land
Canaan, Palestine, Israel
The Sabbath
the Lord's day, day of rest
The Sanhedrin
71 Jewish men in supreme council, most powerful Sadducees
The Sea of Galilee
sea to the east of Galilee
The Shepherds
were spoken to by angels and told to go see Jesus when he was born
The Temple
holy place in Jerusalem, Jews were expected to travel there 3 times a year
The Visitation
the second joyful mystery, when Mary visits her cousin Elizabeth and Elizabeth feels her child tell her that Jesus is present
Trinity
3 persons in 1 God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
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