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Arts and Humanities
ESOL Praxis Prep-Language Learning Portion
Test prep language learning portion of Praxis ESOL exam. Includes terms, theories of language acquisition, etc.
Terms in this set (29)
The sound relationships between orthography (symbols) and phonology.
The study of meaning
The study of ways that context contributes to meaning
An adjustment to a new cultural setting.
Bilingual speakers changing from one language to another in conversation
Act of avoiding or shunning
Languages can be used to communicate ideas about things that are not in the immediate vicinity either spatially or temporally. One of the properties that separates human language from animal language.
Incorrectly apply L1 structure to L2. For example, "I have 10 years" instead of "I am 10."
The result of over-applying a new rule. For example, although irregular past tense is learned first, children may over-apply new "-ed" rule.
Regional or social variety of language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar or vocabulary
Used in L2 learning when the speaker doesn't know the specific word, so he describes it instead. For instance instead of "grandfather" he or she would say "the father of my father."
Theorist who believed that language learning is the result of stimulus-response. Language is learned like everything else. "Behaviorism"
The ability to use language appropriate to particular social settings.
Describes language in terms of a set of rules that could be applied to generate all the sentences of a language.
Humans are born with basic structure of all human language present in the brain. This does not refer to the specific language or vocabulary, but things common to all languages.
LAD: Language Acquisition Device
Language learning tools that are provided at birth
The order of language acquisition is developmental (Krashen).
Language comprehension precedes production (Krashen).
Students whose home/native language is not English and have had all or most of their education in the U.S.
Mental organizations that an individual uses to represent the world and designate action.
The process of changing the environment to fit our beliefs.
The process of changing our beliefs to fit the environment.
Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills
Cognitive/Academic Language Proficiency
Additive Model/Common Underlying Proficiency
Theory that both acquisition of L1 and L2 can contribute to underlying language proficiency. Experiences to both languages promote the development of both languages.
A screen of emotions that can block learning.
Non-communicative approach that involves heavy use of mimicry, imitation, and drill. Skinner.
This set is often in folders with...
Praxis II ESOL: IPA (Vowels)
Praxis ESL exam
TESOL Praxis Exam II
ESL Praxis Test Terms- #5361
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