Upgrade to remove ads
Psychology Jumbled Questions
Understanding Psychology by McGraw-Hill
Terms in this set (107)
the biological event, during the time of the climacteric stage, in which a woman's production of sex hormones is sharply reduced; the woman stops ovulating and menstruating and therefore cannot conceive children
the desire, in middle age, to use one's accumulated wisdom to guide future generations directly as a parent or indirectly; occurs for both men and women
a discontinuation of development and a desire to recapture the past; occurs for both men and women
decremental model of aging
idea that progressive physical and mental decline are inevitable with age; chronical age is what makes people "old"
prejudice or discrimination against the elderly; it feeds on myths
decreases in mental abilities experienced by some people in old age; characterized by memory loss, forgetfulness, disorientation of time and place, a decline in the ability to think, impaired attention, altered personality, and difficulties in relating to others
a condition that destroys a person's ability to think, remember, relate to others, and care for herself or himself; the most common form of senile dementia; an affliction more commonly seen among the elderly; a neurological disease marked by gradual deterioration of cognitive functioning; early signs: frequent forgetting, poor judgement, increased irritability, and social withdrawal
the study of dying and death; major contributions towards establishing it made by Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
a facility designed to care for the special needs of the dying; usually a place where terminally ill people go to die; designed to make the patient's surroundings pleasant and comfortable; doctors do no try to prolong life but to improve the quality of life; key component of care is the use of tranquilizers and other drugs to ease discomfort and relieve pain; a patient leads the most normal life he or she is able to do and is taken care of as much as possible by family members; now the United States also has home-hospice in which the elderly are cared for at home with visiting nurses, aides, physical therapists, chaplains, and social workers
the small group of participants, out of the total number available, that a researcher studies
research method in which the psychologist observes the subject in a natural setting without interfering
research method that involves an intensive investigation of one or more participants
research method in which information is obtained by asking many individuals a fixed set of questions
research method in which data is collected about a group of participants over a number of years to asses how certain characteristics change or remain the same during development
research method in which data is collected from groups of participants of different ages and compared so that conclusions can be drawn about differences due to age
the measure of a relationship between two variables or sets of data
an educated guess about the relationship between two variables
any factor that is capable of change
the group to which an independant variable is applied
the group that is treated in the same way as the experimental group except that the experimental treatment (the independant variable) is not applied
a situation in which a researcher's expectations influence that person's own behavior, and thereby influence the participant's behavior
an experiment in which the participants are unaware of which participants recieved the treatment
an experiment in which neither the experimenter nor the participants know which participants received which treatment
a change in a participant's illness or behavior that results from a belief that the treatment will have an effect, rather than the actual treatment
the branch of mathematics concerned with summarizing and making meaningful inferences from collections of data
the listing and summarizing of data in a practical, efficient way
an arrangement of data that indicates how often a particular score or observation occurs
a graph of frequency distribution shaped like a symmetrical, bell-shaped curve; a graph of normal distibution
a number that describes something about the "average" score of a distribution
a measure of difference, or spread
a measure of variability that describes an average distance of every score from the mean
describes the direction and strength of the relationship between two sets of variables
numerical methods used to determine whether research data support a hypothesis or whether results were due to chance
Psychologists who do research in memory, perception and learning are involved in _______.
A functionalist wants to learn how various mental processes help people adapt to their environment
A psychologist who focuses on studying objectively verifiable phenomena is known as a behaviorist.
The type of psychologist who usually works in a mental health clinic mental, hospital or prison is called a clinical psychologist.
Industrial organization psychology
Concern with using psychological concepts to make the workplace a more satisfying environment for employees
A psychobiologist would study the influence of biological factors on behavior and mental processes
An educated guess, or hypothesis, predicts what the results of testing would be
A structuralist would attempt to describe the basic elements of human experience
A belief or set of believes that is used to explain observed facts and to predict new facts is called a theory
A developmental psychologist charts changes in behavior as people grow older trying to understand the factors that influence those changes
Statistics is a branch of mathematics that helps researchers organize and evaluate data
In a single-blind experiment only the participants of the experiment do not know whether they are in the experimental group or the control group
Measures of a variance indicate how spread out the scores of a distribution are
A bell shaped curve is a normal curve
In an experiment the control group includes the participants who are not exposed
The placebo effect is a change in the patient's physical state that results from The patients perceptions of the treatment
Researchers use a frequency distribution to arrange data so that they know how often a particular observation occurs
Researchers generally select a sample which is a relatively small group of the total population that is being studied
Double blind experiment
In a double-blind experiment neither the participants nor the experimenter knows whether the participants are in the experimental group or the control group
In a longitudinal study a researcher studies a group of people over a period of years
chemicals that affect the nervous system and result in altered consciousness.
the dried leaves and flowers of Indian hemp that produce an altered state of consciousness when smoked or ingested
perceptions that have no direct external cause
Psychedelic ("mind-manifesting") drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.
a potent psychedelic drug that produces distortions of perception and thought
a state of consciousness resulting from a narrowed focus of attention and characterized by heightened suggestibility
a suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, to be carried out after the subject is no longer hypnotized
the process of learning to control bodily states with the help of machines monitoring the states to be controlled
The focusing of attention to clear one's mind and produce relaxation
a state of awareness, including a person's feelings, sensations, ideas, and perceptions
a state of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements, a high level of brain activity, a deep relaxation of the muscles, and dreaming (15-45 minutes)
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle
the failure to get enough sleep at night in order to feel rested the next day
a sleep disorder in which a person has trouble breathing while asleep
A sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks. The sufferer may lapse directly into REM sleep, often at inopportune times
Anxiety-arousing dreams that lead to awakening, usually from REM sleep.
a sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified; unlike nightmares, night terrors occur during Stage 4 sleep, within two or three hours of falling asleep, and are seldom remembered
walking or carrying out behaviors while asleep.
Carries signals away from cell body to neighboring neurons, organs, muscles
A tubelike white fatty substances that insulates the axons and the neighbors rapid transmission of nerve impulses
Contains the nucleus and produces the energy needed to fuel neuron activity
Small fibers branching out from the end of an axon
Gap between axon terminals of the sending neuron and the dendrite of receiving neuron
Receives impulses from other neurons, muscles, or sense organs and conduct them to your body
Helps control posture and balance
Bundles of nerves in spine that runs down the length of the back
Controls breathing heart rate and reflexes
Bridge between brain and spinal cord
Controls functions such as hunger, thirst, and sexual behavior
A structure of the brain that relays messages from the sense organs
The gray mass
Infants clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or her hand
Infants response in turning toward the source of touching that occurs anywhere around his or her mouth
The study of changes that occur as an individual matures
Verbal utterances in which words are left out but the meaning is usually clear
Internally programmed growth of a child
Both heredity and environment
A person's behavior usually develops as a result of _______.
There is a heating duct above an infants head. the infant is startled in bed when the noisy heater kicks on. the infant will most likely respond with the ________ reflex.
18 to 22 inches
At birth, the length of most infants is _______.
Before pushing an infant to mastering new skills, parents should wait until the infant reaches ________.
The rules for arranging language symbols to produce new meaning are called _______.
Child's realization that an object exists even when he or she cannot see or touch it
Conceptual framework a person uses to make sense of the world
Specific time in development when certain skills or abilities are most easily learned
Principle that a given quantity does not change when it's appearance is changed
Young child's inability to understand another person's perspective
The process of _______ involves fitting objects and experiences into one schemas
Secure attachment, Avoidance attachment, Resistance attachment, All of the above
Mary Ainsworth discovered which of the following patterns of attachment in children?
When children engage in ______ they are able to picture things in their minds.
During the _______ stage of cognitive development (described by John Piaget) children develop the ability to use logical schemas
Physical contact comfort
In Harry Harlow's surrogate mother experiment young monkeys chose the cloth mother out of their need for
Adults develop a parenting style in which children participate in decisions affecting their lives
The process of redirecting sexual impulses into learning tasks
Earning the rules of behavior of one's culture
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Understanding Psychology Chapter 2
Psychology Unit 1 ch. 1 and 2
AP Psychology- History, Approaches and Research me…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Bus 170 Finances
Global Entrepreneurship Lecture 13