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17 terms

cell parts

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chromosomes
contains the genetic information of the cell/organism, general DNA of the cell (found in the NUCLEUS)
plasma/cell membrane
contains proteins that allow for the transfer of materials in and out of the cell; knows what is good and bad for the cell (animal cells)
nuclear membrane
regulates nuclear traffic with pores
cell wall
controls overall fluid build-up in the cell (plant cells), maintains cell shape with network of protein filaments
centrioles
organizes specific cytoskeletons, involved in cell division, migrates to poles of cell to divide
vacuoles
membrane-bound sacs for nutrient storage, digestion and waste removal
chloroplasts
site of photosynthesis (plant)
cytoplasm
collective site of cytosol and all the organells contained within the cell, holds everything in the cell in place
ribosomes
cell's protein production sites, synthesizes proteins, breaks down and transfer to cytoplasm
cytoskeleton/microtubles
supports cell structure, provides shape and aids in movement of materials in cell
mitochondria
the powerhouse of the cell--site of energy producing chemical reactions; uses energy from food to make high-energy compounds
nucleolus
site of RNA for protein manufacturing and cell division, builds ribosomes, DNA in membrane with genetic messages, synthesizes RNA
endoplasmic reticulum
synthesizes macromolecules, repackages molecules, transports them; storage, separation, and transportation of compounds within cell; assembles components from cell membrane and modifies some proteins
nucleus
center location of the cell where nucleolus is housed, knows everything that happens in the cell, control center, directs organelles
lysosome
site of digestion of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates, has digestive enzymes eats organelles debris, and particles to clean cell
golgi apparatus
protein "packaging plant" of the cell, collects, modifies, and packs substances like newly synthesized proteins; attaches carbohydrates and lips to proteins using enzymes
surface
overall outer encasement of the cell