Terms in this set (54)
A huge ___ covers most of Africa.
Africa's nickname is the ___.
The ___ is Africa's most prominent feature.
The are several huge ___ in Africa.
Give two synonyms for basin.
The ___ River is the world's longest river
More than ___% of Egyptians depend on the Nile for their water.
The population density of Egypt along the Nile River is ___ people per square mile.
The population of all of Egypt is ___ people per square mile.
No, because most rivers contain waterfalls, rapids, gorges, and cataracts that make navigating the rivers difficult.
Are most rivers in Africa navigable? Why or why not.
A(n) ___ is a series of waterfalls.
___ are places where the continental plates have pulled apart.
___ is the longest freshwater lake in the world.
List two African volcanic mountains.
The ___ is a steep slope in Southern Africa with a nearly flat plateau on top.
Industrial base, money
Many African countries lack the ___ and the ___ to develop their natural resources.
___ is the world's largest producer of chromium.
___ is used in stainless steel.
___ is a natural resource that is used in fertilizers and explosives.
___ countries colonized much of Africa and exported the resources back to their homelands.
Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Angola
List the four leading oil producers in Africa.
___ has untapped oil.
___ is the most profitable commodity in Africa.
___ is the second most profitable commodity in Africa.
___ is also an important commodity but is actually a cause of the rain forests disappearing.
Cote d' Ivoire
___ is the world's largest exporter of cocoa beans.
___ is the most important economic activity in Africa.
About 2/3 of Africans earn their living from ___.
Most of Africa is between the tropics of ___ and ___.
List two deserts in Southern Africa.
___ means desert in Arabic.
___ are huge stores of underground water.
A(n) ___ is where water has come to the surface of the desert.
Nearly 90% of Africa lies in the ___ zone
The ___ in Central Africa receives the most precipitation.
The ___is a tropical grassland which stretches through the middle of Africa. It covers nearly half of Africa.
The ___ climate is found on the Mediterranean coast and on the coast of Southern Africa. It is characterized by cool, rainy winters and hot, dry summers.
The ___ Plain is located in northern Tanzania and is a part of the savanna.
The major rain forest is on the ___ in the Cong Basin in Central Africa.
Most animals in the rain forest live in the uppermost layer of branches that is known as the ___.
Slash and burn
Farmers use the ___ methods to clear the rain forest.
The slash and burn method of clearing farmland is a popular way to clear the rain forest in Africa so that the land can be used for agriculture. First the trees and cut down. Then they are burned where they lie. The ashes actually serve to fertilize the land. The farmer then is able to farm the land and does so until the land becomes infertile. Then the farmer moves to a new spot and repeats the whole process.
Describe the slash and burn method of clearing and farming the rain forest
___ means shore of the desert in Arabic.
The ___ is a narrow band of dry grassland that runs east to west along the southern edge of the Sahara. It is used for farming and herding
___ is an expansion of dry conditions into moist areas that are next to deserts
Desertification is caused by nature (droughts) but ___ speeds up the process
1. Overgrazing of vegetation by livestock
3. Drilling for water
4. Increasing population levels (More people need more food)
List four human causes of desertification.
___ is the sixth leading oil exporter in the world.
___ accounts for 80-90% of Nigeria's income.
The oil industry is destroying the ___ area of Nigeria
Aswan High Dam
The ___ was completed in 1970. Its purpose was to control the flood waters of the Nile River.
___ is the artificial lake created by this dam.
1. The farmers have a regular supply of water.
2. The dam controls the flood waters.
3. The dam increased Egypt's farmable land by 50%.
4. Farmers can have 2-3 crops per year.
List four advantages of the Aswan High Dam.
1. Many people had to be relocated, including the Nubians whose way of life was permanently changed.
2. Many ancient treasures had to be moved.
3. Many treasures were not able to be moved and are now underwater.
4. The dam is responsible for the decreased fertility of the soil. As a result, farmers have to use expensive fertilizers.
5. The irrigation raises the water table and causes salts to pollute the area. Expensive field drains have to be built to clean up this pollution.
6. Rates of malaria and diseases have increased due to greater numbers of mosquitoes.
List six disadvantages of the Aswan High Dam.