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historyy chapter 5

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Mycenaean
an Indo-European person who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000 B.C.
Dorians
A Greek-speaking people who migrated into mainland Greece after the destruction of the Mycenaean civilization.
Homer
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
Trojan War
A war (around 1200 B.C.), in which an army lead by Mycenaean kings attacked the city of Troy in Anatolia.
Phalanx
a military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields
Cleisthenses
law maker from athens divides income by niehborhood all male citizens could participate
Persian War
conflict between Persia and Greece; Persia wanted to punish Athens for helping another city- state
Peloponnesian War
a war in which Athens and its allies were defeated by the league centered on Sparta
Socrates
This philosopher believed to know thyself, the unexamined life is not worth living, Hemlock (plant/poison), no writing
Plato
This philosopher wrote the Republic, an ideal philosophy has a philosopher-king and no wealth; the cave
Aristotle
This philosopher wrote Politics, believed in virtue, moderation, self-discipline, and argues using logic
Pericles
This philosopher established a limited democracy; non-citizens had no rights; the Golden Age of Athens
Philip ll
in 359 bc he rose to the throne in Macedonia, lived in greece as a young man and admired everything about greece, wanted to make his kingdom strong emough to defeat the mighty Persian Empire, the father of Alexander the Great
Macedonia
An ancient kingdom north of Greece, whose ruler Philip II conquered Greece in 338 B.C.
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
Darius lll
Persian king during Alexander the Greats conquest
Hellenism
The civilization that spread from Greece through much of the ancient world. Much of its influence such as philosophy, athletics and architecture penetrated the Middle East.
Euclid
His book on the geometric elementary plane serves as the basis for the subject.
Archimedes
He discovered the lever, pi, and the elements of Calculus.
Epicureanism
philosophy founded by Epicurus in Hellenistic Athens; taught that happiness through the pursuit of pleasure was the goal of life