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POL SC 2 - CH 12 - Nigeria
Terms in this set (20)
Why does the text say that 1985 marked a turning point for the Nigerian state and economy?
It saw the development of a structural adjustment program with the support of the World Bank and the IMF.
In contrast with the PDP and the APC, antistate actors such as Boko Haram and the Niger Delta militias are dominated by ____.
What has happened to Lake Chad in northeast Nigeria in recent decades?
It has shrunk to one-fifth of its size.
What principle, though not found formally in the Nigerian constitution, is recognized as a necessity by all major political parties and is practiced at the presidential, state, and local levels?
In Nigeria, authoritarian rule has given way to competitive _______.
How does Nigeria compare to other countries on the UN's Human Development Index?
Nigeria is very close to the bottom of the index.
Nigeria is almost evenly divided between what two groups?
Muslims and Christians
The Islamic legal code is known as ____.
What was the significance of the 1993 election?
It marked the first time a southerner electorally defeated a northerner.
President ______ unsuccessfully attempted to change the constitution to grant himself a third presidential term.
What two intractable problems have continued to be binding constraints on Nigerian economic growth?
Privatization and restructuring of the energy sector
According to the text, how do opposition parties help reduce corruption?
Opposition parties have an interest in exposing the misconduct of the ruling party.
How did the Sahara Desert shape the development of religion in Nigeria?
Trade across the Sahara brought Arabic education as well as Islam, which gradually replaced traditional Nigerian religions.
How did the Nigerian colonial state shape Nigeria's course as an independent nation?
The colonial state was interventionist, with far-reaching administrative controls, and this pattern expanded after independence.
How did British colonial rule compare in the north and southeast of Nigeria?
The British governed indirectly in the north and strengthened the authority of traditional chiefs and kings in the southeast.
What is the actual name of the group the Western media has dubbed "Boko Haram"?
Congregation of the People of Tradition for Proselytization and Jihad
How did former military coup leader Muhammadu Buhari manage to get himself elected as a civilian president decades later?
Buhari called himself a "converted democrat" and relied on his reputation as an enemy of corruption.
How has American Pentecostalism been received in Nigeria?
It has received a welcome response, spouting thousands of new Nigerian churches.
About ____ percent of state incomes are received directly from the federal government.
Which of the following is NOT an aspect of Nigeria's National Question?
How should oil revenues be distributed among the population?
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