Terms in this set (102)
What are the four principle of a state?
What are the four theories?
Forced,Evolution,Divine,and Social Contract
What are the types of government?
Monarchy,Dictatorship,Oligarchy,Parliamentary,Direct Democracy,Autocracy,Representative, and Democracy
What are the three English Document?
MagnaCarta,Petition of right, and English Bill of right
Name the three English Enlightenment Philosophers
Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau
What is also known as the big state plan?
What is also known as the small state plan?
New Jersey Plan
Explain the Connecticut Compromise?
House would be based on population, Created a bicameral legislative body, and equal representation for senate
Explain the 3/5 compromise?
Slaves would be counted as 3/5 of the population in the south to be taxed
Explain the Commerce and slave trade compromise?
The government would not interfere with the slave trade for 20 years in return they get tax on the slaves brought and sold
Who are the Federalist?
Supported the constitution and wanted a strong executive branch
Who are the Anti federalist?
When against the federalist and wanted a Bill Of Rights
What are the 6 principle of the Constitution?
Popular Sovereignty, Limited Government, Individual Rights, Federalism, Separation of power, Independent Judicary
Explain Express Power
Powers belong to congress and is expressed in the Constitution
Explain Reserved Power
Powers reserved for the state what the 10th amendment grant the states.
Explain Concurrent Power
Power in which both the national government and states can posses or exercise.
What are the formal qualification of the House?
25 years or older
7 years of citizens
Live in the state elected from
How many terms does House serve?
What are the formal qualification of the senate?
30 years or older
9 years of citizens
Live in the state elected from
How many terms does the senate serve?
How many members are in the house?
How many members are in the senate?
What are the formal qualification of a President?
35 years or older
Natural Born Citizen
Live in the U.S for 14 years
How many terms does a president serve?
What are the voting qualifications?
18 years or older
Right to Bear Arm
Quartering of Soliders
Searches and Cesser
Right of the accused
Common Law Trail
Bail and Punishment
Rights of the people
Prohibits federal courts from hearing cases logged against a state by a citizen of another state
President and Vice President are elected by electoral college
Protections and previllages of a citizen
Elections of Sentors
Start dates for congress and president
Repeal amendment 18
Grant Washington D.C 3 electoral collage vote
No peal tax
Voting age 18
Congressional pay raise
Relationships between states
General Provision supremacy of the constitution
What are the main function of the legislative branch?
What are the main function of the Judicial branch?
What are the main function of the Executive branch?
What did the court case Marbury v. Madison establish?
What did the court case Plessy v. Ferguson establish?
Segregation is constituitional
What did the court case Brown v. Board of education establish?
Race in public schools
What did the court case Miranda v. Arizona establish?
What did the court case Gideon v. Wainwright establish?
Right to an attorney
What did the court case McCullough v. Maryland establish?
The power to tax, borrow, and regulate commerce give congress the implied power to establish a national bank.
Head of State
act as the ceremonial leader of goverenment
Presided over the bureaucracy and appoints federal officers
oversee forigen policy talks with foreign leaders negotitate trieties
Commander and Cheif
act as head of all armed forces responsible for military and security operations.
sets policy agenda for congress in the state of the union address can be proposed legilation
Chief of Party
leader of the party and makes sure there party does well in elections.
Serve the nation by acting in it's best intreast
execute the law of united states
Foreign born resident or non citizens
the legal process which aliens are legally required to leave the United States
The legal process which a loss of citizenship occur
Define Jus Soil LAw
Determine citizenship based on where the person is born
The legal process by which citizens of one country become citizens of another
The ability to cause others to act or behave as they might not other wise do
Being accepted as an authority, usually applies to laws or those in power
the right to give orders and enforce
Define Checks and balances
The system by which one branch can check or control the power of another branch so that no one branch can become more powerful than the other.
system that shares powers with state government and national government
Define Judicial Reveiw
the power to declare an act of congress unconstitutional.
Define Limited Goverenment
government is restricted in what it may do to each individual rights
Define Popular Soveriginty
a basic principle of american government that contends that the people are the sole source of governmental power
Define Separation of Powers
THE THREE DIVISION OF POWER DIVIDED AMONG THE BRANCHES OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
legislative body composed of two chambers
redistributing congressional seats among the states after the census
states legislator redraws voting districts to favor the party
Define Permanent or Standing Committee
considered all mater pertain to a designated subject.
Define Joint Committee
A committee made up of members of both the House and the Senate
Expression describing how most bills introduced in each session of congress are burried, put away, or never acted upon
the act of talking a bill to dealth
limiting debate and taking a vote
Define Christmas Tree
riders attached to the bill that are unrelated to the actual bill.
Define Conference Comittee
talks about bill
an action or decision that later serves as an example
Define Petit Jury
jury that hears a case and decide guilt or innocent
Define Grand Jury
determines whether or not a persons actions accused of crimes should be indicted and required to stand trial
Define Hung Jury
If a jury is unable to reach a decision.
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