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34 terms

CASA psych - memory

borrowed from Lyons
STUDY
PLAY
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information
flashbulb memory
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system
storage
the retention of encoded information over time
retrieval
the process of getting information out of memory storage
sensory memory
the immediate very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system
short term memory
activated memory that holds a few items briefly, before information is stored or forgotten
long term memory
the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system.
working memory
a newer understanding of short term memory that involves conscious, active processing in incoming information and of information retrieved from long term memory
automatic processing
unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space, time, and frequency of well learned information such as word meanings
effortful processing
encoding that requires attention and conscious effort
rehearsal
the conscious repetition of information
spacing effect
the tendency for distributed study to yield better long term retention
serial position effect
our tendency to recall best the last and first things in a list
visual encoding
the encoding of picture images
acoustic encoding
the encoding of sound, especially the sound of words
semantic encoding
the encoding of meaning including the meaning of words
imagery
mental pictures; a powerful aid to effortful processing
mnemonics
memory aids; using imagery or organizational devices
chunking
organizing items into familiar, manageable units
iconic memory
a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli
echoic memory
a momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli
long-term potentiation
an increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation
amnesia
the loss of memory
implicit memory
retention independent of conscious recollection
explicit memory
memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare"
hippocampus
helps process explicit memories for storage
recall
a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier
recognition
a measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned
relearning
a memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time
priming
the activation, often unconsciously, of partcular associations in memory
deja vu
that eerie sense that "I've experienced this before"
mood-congruent memory
the tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad mood
method of loci
a mnemonic with which one associates items to be remembered with a specific location (see also key word, peg word)