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Psyc. Module 10
Terms in this set (13)
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span
"monster makers" chemicals and virus that harms and fetus
fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman's heavy drinking. In severe cases, symptoms include noticeable facial misproportions
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infants gain familiarity with repeated exposure to a visual stimulus, their interest wanes and they look away sooner.
RI-1 Developmental researchers who consider how biological, psychological, and social-cultural forces interact are focusing on ______ and _______.
RI-1 nature; nurture.
RI-2 Developmental researchers who emphasize learning and experience are supporting ____;those who emphasize biological maturation are supporting _____.
RI-2 continuity; stages.
RI-3 What findings in psychology support (1) the stage theory of development and (2) the idea of stability in personality across the life span?
RI-3 (1) Stage theory is supported by the work of Piaget (cognitive development), Kohlberg (moral development), and Erikson (psychosocial development). (2) Some traits, such as temperament, exhibit remarkable stability across many years.
RI-4 The first two weeks of prenatal development is the period of the____ . The period of the ______ lasts from 9 weeks after conception until birth. The time between those two prenatal periods is considered the period of the ______ .
RI-4 zygote; fetus; embryo.
RI-5 Infants' to repeated stimulation helps developmental psychologists study what infants can learn and remember.
The three major issues that interest developmental psychologists are nature/nurture, stability/change, and ______ /______.
Although development is lifelong, there is stability of personality over time. For example,
a. most personality traits emerge in infancy and persist throughout life.
b. temperament tends to remain stable throughout life.
c. few people change significantly after adolescence.
d. people tend to undergo greater personality changes as they age.
Body organs first begin to form and function during the period of the ____ ; within 6 months, during the period of the ____ , organs are sufficiently functional to provide a good chance of surviving and thriving.
a. zygote; embryo
b. zygote; fetus
c. embryo; fetus
d. placenta; fetus
Chemicals that the placenta isn't able to screen out that may harm an embryo or fetus are called ______.
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