How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

37 terms

Earth Science Minerals

STUDY
PLAY
in a mineral the constituent atoms are bonded in a regular, internal structure, a rock is a lithified or consolidated aggregate of different mineral grains
what best defines a mineral and rock
atom
what word doesnt fit: electron,atom,proton,neutron
calcite
what word doesnt fit: quartz,olivine,feldspar,calcite
hardness
mohs hardness scale is a relative measure of which physical property of minerals
tetrahedron
4 sided ball diagram
steak
what physical property denotes the color of a powered mineral
cleavage
the physical property denoting a minerals tendency to crack along parallel, planar surfaces
diamond
what is the hardest mineral known
elements
a compound is a stable chemical substance composed of two or more
conchoidal fracture
most glasses and some mineral exhibit a type of fracture characterized by nested and curved crack surfaces. what term describes this property
atom
what is the smallest particle of matter that exhibits and defines the distinctive chemical characteristics of the individual elements
rock
an aggregate of two or more minerals is called an
nucleus
the central region of an atom is called the
oxygen, silicon
the two most abundant elements found in Earth's crust are ______ and __________
sulfur
which one doesnt fit: oxygen, sulfur, aluminum, iron
selection
which of the following is NOT a fundamental particle found in atoms
protons in the nucleus
atoms of the same element, zinc for example, have the same number of
ions
atoms that have an electrical charge due a gain or loss of electrons are called
the atoms have different numbers of protons and the same number of neutrons
which of the following is correct for isotopes of the same element
calcite
which carbonate mineral reacts readily with cool, dilute hydrochloric acid to produce visible bubbles of carbon dioxide gas
quartz
which common mineral is composed entirely of silicon and oxygen
feldspar
which of the following minerals is a sillicate
gold has a density and specific gravity than quartz and olivine
a cubic centimeter of quartz, olivine, and gold weighs 2.5,3.0, and 19.8 grams respectively. This indicates that
micas
which one of the following mineral groups exhibits a sheet like silicate structure
hardness
the resistance of a mineral to abrasion is known as
silicon, oxygen
all sillicate minerals contain which two elements
halite
which mienral is easily soluble in water at room temp. conditions
oxygen
what element is the most abundant in the Earth's crust by weight
cleavage
the strong tendency of certain minerals to break along smooth, parallel planes is known as
6
an atom's mass number is 13 and its atomic number is 6. how many neutrons are in its nucleus
they can be a liquid, solid, or gas
which one of the following is NOT true for minerals?
silicates
which group of minerals are the most abundant in the Earth's crust
electrons
which the following denotes the positively charged particles in an atom's nucleus
gold
which of the following has the highest specific gravity
luster
which of the following describes the light reflecting and transmission characteristics of a mineral
color
the most unreliable (variable) diagnostic property of minerals such as quartz is
carbon
which of the following is NOT one of the eight most common elements in the Earth's crust