Science Terminology for the TExES EC-6 Generalist Test
Terms from the science section of TExES study guide.
Terms in this set (170)
the transfer of thermal energy caused by particles of matter bumping into each other.
a material that an electric current can pass through easily.
the careful management and wise use of natural resources.
the pattern formed by a group of stars in the sky.
the transfer of thermal energy by particles of a liquid or gas moving from one place to another.
the dense center of Earth; a ball made mostly of two metals, iron and nickle.
a large basin formed at the top of a volcano when it falls in on itself.
Earth's outer layer, including the rock of the ocean floor and large areas of land.
a living thing that feeds on the wastes of plants and animals or on their remains after they die.
current formed when cold water flows underneath warm water.
the property of matter that compares the amount of matter to the space it takes up.
when one material forms a solution with another material.
groups of living things and the environment they live in.
the force put on one part of the bar when you push or pull on a lever.
the point on the surface of Earth that is right above the focus of an earthquake.
the process by which winds and moving water carry away bits of rock.
the tube that connects your mouth with your stomach.
the process in which liquid changes to a gas.
a break in Earth's crust along which rocks move.
long roots that grow near the surface.
A push or pull.
The preserved remains of an organism that lived in the past.
a force that keeps objects that are touching each other from sliding past each other easily.
the border where two air masses meet.
the fixed point, or point that doesn't move, on a lever.
living things such as mushrooms that look like plants, but cannot make their own food.
the state of matter that has no definate shape and takes up no definate amount of space.
the planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, which are large spheres made up mostly of gases.
the second smallest name grouping used in classification.
to sprout; grow from a seed.
a force that pulls all objects toward the earth.
the warming of Earth caused by the atmosphere trapping thermal energy from the sun.
an environment that meets the needs of an organism.
a mineral's ability to resist being scratched.
the muscle that pumps blood through your blood vessels to all parts of your body.
the transfer of thermal energy from one piece of matter to another; speed of the molecules.
a period when an animal goes into a long, deep "sleep".
the amount of water vapor in the air.
a rock that forms when completely melted rock hardens.
a flat surface with one end higher than the other.
the bundles of light energy that transfer heat, the bundles of light energy that transfer heat.
the planets closest to the sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars.
a material that a current cannot pass through easily.
an animal without a backbone.
the largest group into which living things can be classified.
the largest part of the digestive system where water is removed from food
a melted rock that reaches Earth's surface.
melted rock inside the earth.
an underground pool below a volcano that holds magma.
an object that attracts certain materials, such as iron or steel.
the space all around a magnet where the force of the magnet can act.
the end of a magnet.
an animal that has hair and produces milk for its young.
the thickest layer of Earth; found just below the crust.
the amount of matter something contains.
everything in the universe that has mass and takes up space.
a rock changed by heat or pressure, but not completely melted.
the process of change; for example, from an egg to an adult butterfly.
the movement of a group of one type of animal from one region to another and back again.
an adaptation in which an animal looks very much like another animal or object.
a natural, solid material with particles arranged in a repeating pattern.
an invertebrate that may or may not have a hard outer shell.
the kingdom of clasification for organism that have only one cell
a change in position.
a group of neurons that carries signals from the brain to the body and from the body to the brain.
a nerve cell.
the metric, or System International, (SI) unit of force.
the role or part played by an organism in its habitat.
the plants that do not have tubes.
substances, such as minerals, which all living things need in order to grow.
the path that an object such as a planet makes as it revolves around a second object.
a group of tissues of different kinds working together to perform a task.
the planets farthest from the sun; Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
one of many gases in air.
a circuit that has more than one path along which current can travel.
the process by which a plant makes its own food.
a measure of how high or low a sound is.
a large object that moves around a star.
continent-sized slab of Earth's crust and upper mantle.
water that falls to Earth as rain, sleet, snow, or hail.
the protection of an area.
living things such as plants that produce their own food.
the kingdom of classification for organisms that have only one cell and also have a nucleus or cell control center.
a simple machine made up of a rope or chain and a wheel around which the rope fits.
the bundles of energy that move through matter and through empty space.
the repairing of some of the damage done to an ecosystem.
an animal that has dry, scaly skin.
the force put out by the other end of the bar on a lever; the force that does work for you.
an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current.
a material made up of one or more minerals.
the slow, never-ending process of rock changes.
the amount of salt in water.
an inclined plane wrapper around a pole.
a rock formed by layers of sediments squeezed and stuck together over a long time.
an instrument that records earthquake waves.
a circuit that has only one path for current.
a place where an animal is protected from other animals or from the weather.
one of the basic machines that make up other machines.
a long tube of muscle where most food is digested.
a type of muscle found in the walls of some organs such as the stomach.
a group of objects in space that move around a central star. The order of the planets from the sun is: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
the state of matter that has a definite shape and takes up a definite amount of space.
a measure of the amount of material that will dissolve in another material.
a mixture in which the particles of different kinds of matter are mixed evenly with each other and particles do not settle out.
a shock wave of compressed sound waves produced by an object moving faster than sound.
a series of vibrations that you can hear.
a moving pattern of high and low pressure that you can hear.
a space vehicle that carries cameras, instruments, and other research tools.
the smallest name grouping used in classification.
a measure of an object's change in position during a unit of time; for example, 10 meters per second.
speed of sound:
the speed at which a sound wave travels through a given material.
the tube of nerves that runs through your spine, or backbone.
a tiny cell that ferns and fungi use to reproduce.
the condition that exists when the changes in a system over time cancel each other out.
a huge, burning sphere of gases; sun.
an electric charge that stays on an object.
a bag made up of smooth muscles that mixes food with digestive juices.
a very large wave caused by high winds over a large area of ocean.
the layer of atmosphere that contains ozone and is located above the troposphere.
the color of the powder left behind when you rub a mineral against a white tile called a streak plate.
a muscle with light and dark stripes; a muscle you can control by thinking.
the practice of planting one or more crops between rows of other crops to control erosion.
the process that gradually changes an existing ecosystem into another ecosystem.
an ocean current formed when steady winds blow over the surface of the ocean.
the condition in which each feature on one half of an object has a matching feature on the other half.
a group of parts that work together as a unit.
a plant's single main root that goes deep into the soil.
a devise people use to observe distant objects with their eyes.
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter.
a farming method used on steep hillsides to control erosion.
the energy of the motion of particles in matter.
the daily changes in the local water local of the ocean.
a group of cells of the same type.
a fossil that shows changes that long dead animals made in their surroundings.
the giving off of water vapor by plants.
the layer of atmosphere closest to the earth.
a swollen underground stem.
a plant that has tubes.
a large blood vessel that returns blood to the heart.
an animal with a backbone.
a mountain that forms when red hot melted rock flows through a crack onto Earth's surface.
the amount of space that matter takes up.
the constant recycling of water on Earth.
the up and down movement of water.
the process by which rocks are broken down into smaller pieces.
a machine made up of two inclined planes placed back-to-back.
a measure of the force of gravity upon an object.
wheel and axle:
a simple machine made up of a larger wheel attached to a smaller wheel or rod.
that which is done on an object when a force moves the object through a distance.
an increase in speed.
(physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light).
a large body of air with uniform characteristics horizontally.
the weight of air pressing down on an area.
cold-blooded vertebrate typically living on land but breeding in water; has moist skin and no scales.
a gauge for recording the speed and direction of wind.
the mass of air surrounding the Earth.
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and its North and South Poles.
an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure.
the ability to float in a liquid or rise in a gas.
to hide by blending in with surroundings.
smallest blood vessel; brings nutrients and oxygen to the tissues and absorbs carbon dioxide and waste products.
a heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances.
a measure of the extra positive or negative particles that an object has.
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; building blocks of life.
an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow.
the division of organisms into groups, or classes, based on specific characteristics.
the weather in a location averaged over some long period of time.
a relatively small extraterrestrial body consisting of a frozen mass that travels around the sun in a highly elliptical orbit.
the part of a sound wave in which air is pushed together.
the process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid state.