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US Gov Ch 4 The Federal System

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Federalism
A system in which power is divided between the national & state governments
Expressed Powers
Powers directly stated in the constitution
Implied Powers
Powers that the government requires to carry out the expressed constitutional powers
Inherent Powers
Powers that the national government may exercise simply because it is a government. Example: To regulate immigration
Supremacy Clause
States the constitution & Laws, & Treaties passes by Congress shall be the supreme law of the land.
Concurrent Powers
Are those powers that both the national government and the states have.
Enabling Act
Allows the people of the territory interested in becoming a state to prepare a constitution
McCullach vs Maryland
Supreme Court ruled on a conflict between a state government and the national government. In making the decision, the Supreme Court ruled the in the instance of a conflict between the national government and a state government, the National government is supreme.
Extradite
To return to a state --- criminals and fugitives who flee across state lines to escape justice.
Interstate Compact
A written agreement between two or more states.
Restraint
A requirement set by congress that prohibits a local or state government from exercising a certain power
Mandate
A federal order requiring states to provide a service or activity that meets national standards set by Congress
Sunshine Law
1967 Florida passed this - prohibiting public officials from holding closed meetings
Sunset Laws
Pioneered by Colorado, these laws require periodic checks of government agencies to see if they are still needed
Bureaucracy
Orginization of government administrators, to carry out legislation
Full Faith and Credit
Each state must recognize the laws and legal proceedings of the other states.
Federal Grants
Sums of money given tostate or local governments to be spent for a variety of specific purposes
Income Tax
Levied on individual earnings, has become the major source of income for the national government
Public Policy
The course of action a government takes in response to some issue or problem.
Denied Powers
Article I sec. 9, enumerates those things the national government cannot do.