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127 terms

World Civ Big Test

STUDY
PLAY
history
the study of significant human events of the past which gives an account of what happened and why and relates to our lives now
ignorance
__________ of our history affects our future
primary source
document or item from the period you're studying, usuall really old
secondary source
document usually from recent history about the period it studies but not from it
primary
photo- primary or secondary?
primary
old map- primary or secondary?
primary
constitutions- primary or secondary?
primary
diaries- primary or secondary?
primary
art (sculptures, paintings)- primary or secondary?
secondary
textbook- primary or secondary?
secondary
blog/video- primary or secondary?
secondary
written history- primary or secondary?
adriatic, aegean, ionian
three seas that surround Greece
geography
Greek _____________ made it hard for its early ppl to develop a sens of unity
mountains
___________ kept villages apart and allowed invaders to enter Greece from the north
King Minos
legendary king of Crete
Knossos
city where the Minoans built a great civilization
frescoes
paintings made on wet plaster walls
Mycenaeans
who conqured centrel Crete after the Minoans
Mycenaeans
grouped themselves into clans and tribes
warrior
a Mycenaean clan was headed by a ______________
cheifs
a number of Mycenean clans had their own ____________
Mycenaeans
built fort like cities in the Peloponnesus
raids
Mycenaens carried out_________
linear B
early form of Greek writing
polis
Greek word for city-state
geographical territory of city-state, community it represented, political and economic independence that it produced
3 things polis was based on
acropolis
hill
agora
main pulic meeting place, marketplace
Greek
all city-states spoke Greek
Homeric Age
time priod that Greeks didn't have a very advanced civilization
Homer
tradition says he wrote the Illiad and the Odyssey
Illiad
tells legend of the Trojan War
Odyssey
tells what happened after the Trojan War
epic
a long poem about heroes and great events
odyssey
any long, adventure-filled journey
explain nature, explain the emotions that sometimes cause ppl to lose self-control, could bring them certain beliefs here and now, such as a long life, good harvest, or good luck
three things Greeks looked to from religion
myths
traditional stories about gods, goddesses, and heroes
oracles
believed gods spoke through priests and priestesses at special places called _________
Mount Olympous
Greek gods were said to live on ______________
Athena
protector of wisdom and womanly goodness, protector of city-states
Apollo
god of light, music, and poetry
Dionysus
god of fertility and wine
Olympic Games
most important phyisical contest held once every four years
Zeus
king of gods
Zeus
Olympic Games held in honor of ___________
Hesoid
wrote The Shield and Works and Days
Pious
word to be obediant to the gods
aristocracies
city-states that were controlled by nobles were known as ____________
hoplite
a new kind of nonaristocratic kind of soldier
tyrant
leader who was able to bring a better life to the ppl, illegally took power but had ppls support
popular government
idea that ppl should rule themselves
democracy
government in which citizens take part
women
___________ had no political rights
military
Spartan society was based on the _____________
equals
top group in Spartan society
half-citizens
middle group of Spartan society
helots
considered slaves in Spartan society
helot revolt
Spartans were always in fear of a ___________
two
How many kings did Sparta have?
Council of Elders
28 male citizens over the age of 60 that proposed laws and were like a court
assembly
included all Spartan men over 30 yrs old, enact laws
ephors
five for a one year term that made sure kings stayed in law and controlled Spartan education
7
age Spartan boys leave home to live in military barracks
20
age Spartans began military training and could marry
30
age Spartans could live at home
citizens
top group of Athenian society
metics
middle part of Athenian society (not slaves but no political power)
slaves
bottom part of Athenian society
archons
Athens elected nine who served 1 year terms
Draco
first person to creat written law code
Solon
settled disputes between creditors and debtors
Solon
divided Athens into 4 groups based on wealth
Peisistratus
tyrant who ruled over Athens
Clesithenes
turned Athens into a democracy
Council of 500 men
proposed laws to assembly under Clesithenes in Athens
direct democracy
What kind of democracy did Athens have under Clesithenes?
Sappho
famous for her poetry
13 or 14
Athenian girls married at age ____ or ______
pedagogue
at age 7 Athenian boys came under care of their ____________
gymnastics
developed the body of young Athenians
Sophists
traveling teachers in Greece that taught wealthy young males
ethics
studies good and evil especiall in relation to what is a good life and what duties you have
rhetoric
study of oratory/public speaking especially persuasion
mathematics, government, ethics, and rhetoric
4 things Sophists taught
wise
Sophists thought learning from Sophists made you_________
philosophers and sophists
people in Greece who hated each other because of diagreement about truth vs. persuasion
Persian Wars
series of conflicts between Greece and Persia
Ionian
Perisans controlled ________ city-states in 499 BCE.
Sardis
combined Athenian and Ionian forces burn ______ to ground
great invasion
Darius sending a huge flotilla of ships, soldiers to destroy Grece is known as the
Miltiades
Greek general during the Battle of Marathon
runner
_________ sends knews to Athens after Battle of Marathon
marathon
today known as a race of 26.2 miles
Xerxes I
when Darius dies, he takes over
Battle of Thermopylae
Spartans 300 Men hold Perisians back in second invasion to give them time to organize and prepare for huge battle at the ______________
Themistocles
Athens leader who tells them to escape city in second invasion of Perisan War
Delian League
alliance of city-states with Athens as leader
Pericles
led Athens to a time of power and wealth
Peolpnnesian War
Sparta and Athens interference with each others trade to small poleis leads to the ________________
Pericles
dies in 429 of epidemic in Athens
epidemic
makes Greeks question the gods saying "have they abandoned us"
Lacedameonians
another name for Spartans
Thucydides
get a lot of information about the Peloponnesian War from ____________
imperialism
ambition to rule over lots of ppl, colonize
Archidamus
king of Sparta- 432 B.C.
major
in his speech, archidamus explains that a war against Athens is major or minor?
golden age
new era of cultural progress in Greece
acropolis
center of original city-state
Partheon
white marbe temple built in honor of Athena
myron, phidias, praxiteles
three of history's greates sculptures
glorified human beings, symbolized Greeks' pride in their city-states, expressed beliefs in harmony, balance, order, and moderation, and expressed belief in combinin beauty and usefulness
styles of the golden age expressed Greek ideals in these 4 ways
philosophy
the study of basic questions of reality and human excistence
Socrates
philosopher who asked questions, most important thinkers of new era
Socratic Method
teaching through questioning
Plato
wealthy young aristocrat and the greatest of Socrate's students
The Republic
long dialogue describing Plato's view of a perfect society
Aristotle
one of Plato's students in the Academy, founded his own school, suddying logically, investigated almost every field of study
Pythagoras
philosopher who believed that everything could be explained in terms of mathematics
Hippocrates
founder of medical science
Herodotus
first historian of the Western world, father of history
dramas
plays containing action or dialogue and involving conflict and emotion
tragedies
main character struggled against fate, or events in _______
Sophocles
writer of tragedies who defended many traditional Greek values
Euripides
realistic great playwright
Aeschylus
wrote about religion adn the relationship between gods and ppl
Arisophanes
writer of comedies known for his sharp wit, disliked war