Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Community & Oral Health Ch. 1-3
Terms in this set (65)
This compromises complete physical and social well-being and is not merely the abscence of disease.
"Is the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts."
Dental public health
has been described by the American Board of Dental Health as the science and art of preventing and controlling dental disease and promoting dental health through organized community efforts.
"the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group."
1. the public health problem
2. the public health solution
What are the two concepts of importance to your comprehension of public or people's health?
public health problem
______ ______ ______, as perceived by the public, usually brings to mind an infectious disease such as AIDS or the swine flu.
1. A condition or situation that is widespread actual or potential cause of morbidity or mortality.
2. An existing perception that the condition is a public health problem on the part of the public, the government, or public health authorities.
A public health problem must meet two guidelines.
What are they?
1. Not hazardous to life or function
2. Effective in reducing or preventing the targeted disease or condition
3. Easily and efficiently implemented
4. Potency maintained for a substantial time period.
5. Attainable regardless of socioeconomic status
6. Effective immediately upon application
7. Inexpensive and within the means of the community.
What are the seven characteristics of Public Health Solution?
What percent of adults have had tooth decay by the time they reach their early 40's?
What percent of adults older than 75 years of age have had root caries?
community water fluoridation
What is a perfect example of a dental public health solution to the problem of dental decay?
Public Health: Community
Private Practice: Patient
Public Health: Survey
Private Practice: Examination
Public Health: Analysis
Private Practice: Diagnosis
Public Health: Program planning
Private Practice: Treatment planning
Public Health: Program implementation
Private Practice: Treatment
Public Health: Budget/ financing
Private Practice: Fee/payment
Public Health: Program evaluation
Private Practice: Patient evaluation
DHHS- Department of Health and Human Services
Who is the main federal agency that funds each organization, such as the CDC?
Assessment, Policy Development, and Assurance
What are the Core Functions of Public Health Agencies at All Levels of Government?
Public health settings are categorized as ________ __________ settings ex: providing oral hygiene services outside the private office in a "nontraditional" setting.
This prevents the disease before it occurs. Ex: health education, disease prevention, and health protection. Dental prophylaxis, sealants, and water fluoridation are examples.
This eliminates or reduces diseases in the early stages. Restorations such as amalgams and composites are examples. This level requires more technology an is more costly.
This limits disability from disease in later stages and requires rehabilitation and surgical procedures. Dentures, implants, and bridge work are examples. This level is most costly and requires highly trained professionals to treat the disease.
Is the term for a clinical medical professional who provides patient care under the supervision of a physician.
CDHC- Community Dental Health Coordinator
Works under the supervision of the dentist to promote oral health for communities and to assist patients in navigating through the health care system to establish a dental home.
DHAT- dental health aide therapist
Completes 2 years of training and works under the general supervision of a dentist to provide preventive procedures, emergency care, and basic restorative procedures.
Advanced Dental Hygiene Practitioner
In this familiar role, the pubic health dental hygienist provides clinical services to targeted populations, including assessment of oral health conditions and delivery of periodontal and preventive care.
In this role, a dental hygienist in a faculty role may focus his or her career on teaching community dental health/public health courses to dental hygiene students.
Is the process in which the client is encouraged to become responsible for personal oral health and is informed of scientifically based methods for preventing dental diseases.
This means that health data, resources for educational materials, and general community information are exchanged among dental, medical and social services professionals.
Commerical marketing techniques to promote the adoption of a behavior to improve health.
In this role, the public health dental hygienist assesses the dental needs and concerns of the population.
In this role, a dental hygienist uses scientific methods and knowledge to identify and pursue a specific area of interest.
In this role, the hygienist is an initiator who develops, organizes, and manages oral health programs to meet the needs of targeted groups of people.
Is defined as the regular and systematic collection, assemblage, analysis, and communication on the health of the community.
Assessment, policy development, and assurance
Health agencies and health departments must perform these 3 functions to protect and promote health, wellness, and quality of life and to prevent disease, injury, disability, and death.
person, animal, or plant are all examples of?
Are the biologic or mechanical means of causing disease, illness, injury, or disability, such as microbial, parasitic, viral, or bacterial pathogens or vectors.
Include physical, sociocultural, sociopolitical, and economic components. The media, beliefs, occupation, food sources, geopgraphy, climate, housing, social roles, technology are examples.
depicts disease as the outcome of the interactions among host, agent, and environmental factors.
1. Psychosocioeconomic environment
2. Physical environment
3. Human biology
4. Personal behavior
What are the four groups of factors that influence the health of individuals, families, and communities?
mandala of health
A model of the human ecosystem; attempt to better understand the determinants of health.
Are the range of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that determine the health status of individuals or populations.
Include family, community, income, education, gender, race, ethnicity, place of residence, and access to health care, among others.
Include our natural and built envrionments
WHO- World Health Organization
________ established the Commission on Social Determinants of Health to provide advice on how to reduce the social determinants of health.
Is a model commonly used in public health practice; it provides a basic flow chart of steps in a process to 1. assess 2. plan 3. implement and 4. evaluate.
community health improvement process
has been described as a comprehensive approach for communities to achieve sustained improvements in community health.
community oral health assessment
is a multifaceted process that is community-oriented and community-directed.
1. Mobilize the community: form key partnerships and recruit participants
2. Describe the community
3. Implement a self-assessment and determine initial goals.
What are the three steps in Plan community oral health assessment?
1. Collect data from existing sources
2. Determine the necessity of primary data collection
3. Plan and collect primary data
4. Analyze and interpret data
5. Identify critical oral health issues and select oral health priorities
6. Communicate and publicize the findings.
What are the six steps in Implement community oral health assessment?
oral health assessment
Its purpose is to identify factors that affect the oral health of a population and to determine the availability of resources and interventions that affect these factors.
refers to information that is objective and measurable
refers to information that cannot be numerically measured or analyzed but reflects the quality or nature of factors influencing a health problem.
1923, bridgeport, CT
The ADHA was formed in what year and where?
CDC- Center for Disease Control
This agency has been dedicated to protecting health and promoting quality of life through the prevention and control of disease, injury, and disability.
HRSA- Health Resources and Services Administration
This agency is the primary Federal agency for improving access to health care services for people who are uninsured, isolated or medically vulnerable.
NIDCR- National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
This institutes mission is to improve oral, dental and craniofacial health through research, research training, and the dissemination of health information.
AHRQ- Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
This agencies mission is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for all Americans.
PHS- Public Health Services
This agency promotes health standards, ensures that the highest level of health care is available for all citizens, and cooperates with other nations on health projects.
1906, Irene Newman
In what year did Alfred Fones train the first dental hygienist? And what was her name?
In what year did he start the Fones School of Dental Hygiene?
alternative practice settings
A community clinic, a mobile van, a school, a hospital, or a nursing home, are all examples of what?
Sets with similar terms
Community week 1
Community Health Care CH 1
community ch 1 and 2
DHE216 Community Health Chapter 1: Dental Public H…
Sets found in the same folder
Community Oral Health Chapter 1-3
Community Oral Health Ch 5
Comm. Dental Health Exam 1
Public Health - Chapter 4 - Measuring Pr…
Other sets by this creator
Ch. 7 & 8 Oral Pathology
Community Test #3
Ch. 9 Oral Path
Ch. 3 Oral Path
Recommended textbook solutions
Pharmacology and the Nursing Process
Julie S Snyder, Linda Lilley, Shelly Collins
The Human Body in Health and Disease
Gary A. Thibodeau, Kevin T. Patton
Foundations for Population Health in Community and Public Health Nursing
Jeanette Lancaster, Marcia Stanhope
Medical Language for Modern Health Care
David M Allan, Rachel Basco
Other Quizlet sets
med surg ch35
South and south east asia study tool.
What does modifiable risk factor mean?
what are the two main types of communities?
What does the center for disease control and prevention do?
T/F: The ACA of 2010 mandates system-wide cost control measures.