Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
a German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Chruch. In 1517, he wrote 95 theses, or statements of belief attacking the church practices.
Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter.
Swiss theologian (born in France) whose tenets (predestination and the irresistibility of grace and justification by faith) defined Presbyterianism (1509-1564)
A company made up of a group of shareholders. Each shareholder contributes some money to the company and receives some share of the company's profits and debts.
First permanent English settlement, located near the Chesapeake Bay.
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Virginia Company of London
The Virginia Company of London was a joint stock company that recieved a charter from King James I to create a settlement in America. They provided the funding for the development of the Jamestown colony.
Radical Calvinists against the Church of England; Separatists (Pilgrims) argued for a break from the Church of England, led the Mayflower, and established the settlement at Plymouth.
people who believed in purifying the Anglican Church but not completely separating themselves from it
a settlement established by the Dutch near the mouth of Hudson River and the southern end of Manhattan Island
Spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
rights to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans
Market economy capitalism
an economic system based upon the fundamentals of private property, freedom, self-interest, and prices
Elizabethan Sea Dogs
were English adventurers or pirates-Englishmen won the command of the sea under the consummate leadership of Sir Francis Drake, the first of modern admirals.