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CHAPTER 6-9

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France wa finally able to join the scramble for colonies in the New World as a result of....?
End of religious wars.
Unlike the English colonies in America, in New France
there were no popularly elected assemblies.
The one valuable resources in New France was
beavers
The French wanted to control Louisiana because they
would then control the mouth of the Mississippi.
French motives in the new World included the desire to
compete with Spain for an empire in America
The early wars between France and Britain in North America were notable for the...
use of primitive guerrilla warfare
The climatic clash between Britain and France for control of the North American continent sprang from their rivalry for control of
the Ohio River Valley.
In his first military command in the French and Indian War, George Washington
Won at Fort Duquesne
The immediate purpose of the Albany congress of 1754, Americans
Keep the Iroquois tribes loyal to the British
unlike the first three Anglo-French wars, the French and Indian War
was fought initially ont he North American continent
the long-range purpose of the Albany Congress in 1754 was to
achieve COLONIAL UNITY and COMMON DEFENSE against the French threat.
As a result of the French and Indian WAr, Great Britain
became the dominant power in North American
Fro the American colonies, the French and Indian War,
ended the myth of British invincibility
During the French and Indian War,
British officials were disturbed by the lukewarm support of many colonials
The disunity that existed in the colonies before the French and Indian War can be attributed to
1. Enormous distances between the colonies
2. geographical barriers like rivers.
3. conflicting religions
4. varied nationalities
with the British and American victory in the French and Indian War,
a new spirit of independence arose, as the French threat disappeared.
In a sense, the history of the United States began with the
fall of Quebec and Montreal
The Proclamation of 1763 was issued mainly to
work out a fair settlement of the Indian problem
In the wake of the Proclamation of 1763
American colonists moved west, defying the Proclamation
The Proclamation of 1763
prohibited colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains.
One change in colonial policy by the British government that helped precipitate the American Revolution involved
compelling the American colonists to shoulder some of the financial costs of the empire.
When it came to the revolution, it could be said that the American colonists were
reluctant revolutionaries
In a broad sense America was
A revolutionary force fromt he day of its discovery by Europeans
The American colonial exponents of republicanism argued that a just society depends on
the willingness of all citizens to subordinate their private interests to the common good
Republican belief held that the stability of society and the authority of the government
depended upon the virtue of its citizenry
The founding of the American colonies by the British was
undertaken in a haphazard maner.
Under mercantilist doctrine, the American colonies were expected to do all of the following except
become economically self-sufficient as soon as possible.
The first Navigation Laws were designed to
climinate Dutch shippers from the American carrying trade.
The British Crown's "royal veto" of colonial legislation
restrained colonies from printing paper currency
Under the mercantilist system, the British government reserved the right to do all of the following regarding the American colonies
prevent the colonies from developing militias
Before 1763 the Navigation Laws
were only loosely enforced in the American colonies
Sugar Act
first British law intended to raise revenue in the colonies
Stamp Act
generated the most protest in the colonies
Declaratory Act
Asserted Parliament's absolute power over the colonies
The first law ever passed by Parliament for raising tax revenues in the colonies for the crown was the
Sugar Act
The British Parliament passed the Stamp Act to
raise money to support new military forces needed for colonial defense.
Colonists objected tot he Stamp act because
parliament passed the tax, not the colonists
When colonists shouted "NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION," they were rejecting Parliament's power to
levy revenue-raising taxes on the colonies.
Actions taken by the colonists that helped them unite include
the Stamp Act Congress
"Virtual" representation meant that
every member of Parliament represented all British subjects
Colonial protests against the Stamp Act took the form of
British officials sent regiments of troops to Boston to restore law and order
The tax on tea was retained when the Townshend Acts were repealed because
it kept alive the principle of parliamentary taxation.
The local committees of correspondence organized b Samuel ADams
kept opposition to the BRitish alive, though exchange of propaganda
The most drastic measure of Intolerable Acts was the
Boston Port Act
The Quebec Act
denied Quebec a representative assembly
The Quebec Act was especially unpopular in the American colonies because
they deny the French the right to retain many of their old customs
The First Continental Congress was called in order to
decid which of Parliament's taxes the colonies would and would not pay
the First Continental Congress
called for a complete boycott of British goods
As the War of Independence began, Britain had the advantage of
overwhelming national wealth and naval power
What wasn't a weakness of the British military during the War for Independence
soldiers who were incapable of fighting effectively
Many whigs in Britain hoped for an American Victory in the War for Independence because they
feared that if George III triumphed, his rule at home might become tyrannical
As the WAR for Independence began, the colonies had the advantage of
many outstanding civil and military leaders.
The colonies did not face what weakness in the War for Independence
the use of numerous European officers
Regarding American Independence
only a select minority supported independence with selfless devotion.
"Varying Viewpoints" notes that the most influential view of the American Revolutionary currently holds that
fear of losing their liberty drove the colonists to war.
As noted in "Varying Viewpoints," historians since the 1960s have interpreted the Revolutionary struggle as
one in which economic concerns played a crucial role
Perhaps the most important single action of the Second Continental Congress was to
select George WAshing ton to head the army
George Washington's selection to lead the colonial army was
largely political
With the American invasion of Canada in 1775
The colonials' claim that hey were merely fighting defensively for a redress of grievances was contradicted.
The colonists delayed declaring their independence until July 4, 1776 for all of the reasons except
lack of military victories
One purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to
explain to the rest of the world why the colonies had revolted
In a republic, power
comes from the people themselves
Examples of colonial experience with self-goverance, which prepared Americans for a republic, included all the following except
militia service
The Declaration of Independence did all of the following except
blame the colonies' problems on the British Parliament
The Americans who continued to support the crown after independence had been declared were more likely to be all of the following except
from New England
France came to American's aid in the Revolution because
it wanted revenge against britain
When the alliance with France was formalized, the Americans were abel to
1. gain access to large sums of money
2. double the size of their fighting forces
3. avail themselves of French naval strength
4. gain immense amounts of equipment
some indian nations joined the BRitish during the Revolutionary war because
none of the above
Britain gave America generous term in the Treaty of Paris because BRitish leaders
were trying to persuade America to abandon its alliance with France
The American REvolution was
an example of accelerated evolution rather than outright revolution
The world's first antislavery society was founded by
quakers in philadelphia
As part of the egalitarian movement of the American Revolution
several northern states abolished slavery.
Early signs of the abolitionist movement can be seen in the
emancipation of some slaves
The founding fathers failed to eliminate slavery because
a fight over slavery might destroy national unity
As a result of the Revolution's emphasis on equality, all of the following were achieved except
ful equality between white women and men
As a means of ensuring that legislators stay in touch with the mood of the people, state constitutions
require the annual election of legislators
it was highly significant to the course of future events that
economic democracy preceded political democracy in the united states
the economic status of the average american at the end of the revolutionary war was
probably worse than before the war.
The major issue that delayed ratification of the Articles of confederation
tariff pollicy
the ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION left congress unable to
enforce a tax-collection program
a major strength of articles of confederation was its
presentation of the ideal of a united nation
one of the most farsighted provisions of the northwest ordinance of 1787
prohibited slavery in the old northwest
After the REvolutionary war, both britain and spain
prevented america from exercising effective control over about half of its total territory
shays rebellion was provoked by
foreclosures on the mortgages of back county farmers
The debate between the supporters and critics of the articles of confederation was
reconcile states rights with strong national government
the issue that finally touched off the movement toward the constitutional convention was
control of commerce
By the time the constitution was adopted in 1789
prosperity was beginning to return
the constitutional convention was called to
write a completely new constitution
the delegate whose contributions to the philadelphia convention were so notable that he was been called the father of the constitution was
james madison
the delegates at the constitutional convention were concerned mainly with
protection america from its weakness abroad and its excesses at home
motives of the delegates to the 1787 constitutional convention in philadelphia include all of the following except
to increase individual freedom
the great compromise at the constitutional convention worked out an acceptable scheme for
apportioning congressional representation
under the constitution the president of the united states was to be elected by a majority vote of the
electoral college
the idea that all tex measure should start in the house was mad eot appease
the big states with the most people
the constitutional convention addressed the north south controversy over slavery through the
3/5 compromise
which of the following is a compromise in the constitution?
continuation of the foreign slave trade
by their actions, the delegates to the constitutional convention manifested their common beliefs in all the the following except
man hood suffrage democracy
the one branch of government elected directly by the people is the
house of reps
the new constitution established the idea taht the onlyn legitimate
the consent of the governed
the ultimate guarantor of liberty and justice was
virtue of the people
the antifederalist camp included all of the following groups except
supports of a strong central authority
probably the most alarming characteristic of the new constitution to those who opposed it was the
absence of a bill of rights
among other views, the FEDERALIST written during the ratification debate argued that
impossible to safeguard the rights of states from the power of a strong central government
the federalists believe that the sovereignty of the people resided in which of the following branch of government
all of the above