Terms in this set (71)
What is information literacy?
Literacy : competency
Effectively able to use information
"A set of abilities requiring individuals to 'recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and effectively use the needed information.'" (ALA 1989)
What are the six ACRL standards for information literacy?
Determine the extent of info needed
Access the needed info effectivley and efficiently
Evaluate info and its sources critically
incorporate selected info into one's knowledge base
Use info effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
Understand the economic, legal and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use info ethically and legally
Why should you use differnet formats of info?
Different formats = different info
What you find in a book, you won't neccessarily find in a journal; the content of a newspaper is very different from the content of an encyclopedia
What you need to know and your purpose will dictate the type of source you look in
Popular sources are derivative
College students are expected to seek out the best sources available
What are two characteristics of primary sources?
Non-interpreted - Examples : journals, some original photos
What are six characteristics of secondary?
EX: textbooks, newspaper, magazine articles
What are two characteristics of tertiary
Compile and digest
focus on factual info
EX: Encyclopedia, other reference books
What are the types of publications
Characteristics of a scholarly journal
Technical academic and formal lang. tone
Info in a book
general and specific
Difference between ebook and book
accessible through the internet
all pages are searchable
Four steps to developing a research plan
1 Consult encyclopedia for background info, refine topic and terminolology
2 Search the library
3 Periodical databases for articles
4 World Wide Web (search engines/internet)
EX: encyclopedia of business
What kind of info in subject encyclopedia
Advantages of an EBook
Books not available at library that can be requested from ILLiad
Advantages of using articles
shorter than books
searchable full text in database
What is an article database
Collections of articles
EX: General/multi subject, Subject, Alphabetical (DSU)
What database should students use to begin?
General/Multi - Subject
Full text periodicals list?
list of periodicals that are full texted
Two steps to using a periodical list
What is Pioneer
Utah's online Library
Who can access Pioneer
All Utah citizens
When should a student use a subject specific database?
when you need info on a specific topic/discipline
EX Business, Legal, news, nursing
What does a "Link resolver" do?
Checks for full text
Two characterisitics that make info useful
What makes info relevant
Need or abstract
What is a tool used to evaluate info?
Characteristics that make info source credible
Author credential (real)
Evidence of quality control
Known or respected
Characteristics that make an info source accurate
Up to date
Detailed and exact
Appropriate audience and purpose
Characteristics that make an info source reasonable
Fair balanced objective reason
no conflict of interest
Absence of logical falisies
Characteristics that make an info source supported
Documentation is supplied
What is a URL?
Uniform Resource Locator
adress of a web page
US Government Enitity
What is the default search on a search engine
automatically inserts "and" between words not grouped together
Part of the web that cannot be accessed by search engines
EX: Banks records
What is phrase searching?
When you search for a phrase as a whole (Using Quotations)
EX: "nuclear waste"
5 important factors for selecting a search topic
Can be focused to fit assignment
Enough academic info to support the assignment
Can be written about objectively
fulfills the assignment
Something you can develop an interest in
What are the steps to developing a topic
Clearly stating the need for intro
format a reasearch plan
sometimes narrowing the topic if neccessary
What is the best kept secret in college research?
Allow yourself to adapt - sometimes changes need to be made
What are equivalent terms
words that serve the same purpose in searching
what is controlled vocab?
a database or collection of info that has been organizied
What is key word searching
Looks for entered terms anywhere in the item
And where does key word searching search
often in Full texts, if FT is available
What is browse searching
similar to phone book - goes through a specific item letter by letter
What is truncation
Technique of cutting of a word using a symbol to find all variations of the word
EX: pollution, search "Pollut*" for pollute, pollution, pollutant
What are the 3 logical operators
(They connect relationships between searching words in a search engine)
In searching, What does "and" require and what kind of terms should it be used with?
Requires BOTH of the terms to appear in each result
Unlike terms (Dog and Cat)
Does "and" narrow or broaden a search?
What does "OR" require and what kind of terms should it be used with?
Requires at least ONE of the terms to appear in each result
Does OR broaden or narrow search results
In searching, what does not require
a second term cannot be present in any results
What is nesting?
grouping in database
EX: (pens or pencils or markers) and children
What is intellectual property?
any creation of intellect that has commercial value
What does copyright laws protect?
original forms of expression (including Author)
What does copyright apply to
anything under the copyright law
What year is used to decide if material is copyrighted or not
What is the fair use doctrine
Allows copyrighted materials to be used without permission
What situation can you use copyrighted material according to the fair use doctrine
What is public domain
anything that was published before 1923
What are the 4 elements for ethical use of info
Citing sources/correct style
comply with fair use doctrine
What is a digital divide
The fact that some people are precluded from accessing info because of lack of computer skills, technology, access to info, information literacy
What is a biblioography?
List of books, articles, and any other sources you used when researching
What are the 3 methods of correctly integrating source material?
What is plagiarism
Using words, thoughts or ideas without giving credit to the the author/owner
What 2 things work together to document sources in a paper
What is a citation?
A way to tell other where certain information came from
What should be included to correctly cite a book?
What is an in-text/parenthetical citation?
Used to document any external sources used
If the authors name is in the signal tag, what is at the end of an in-text/parenthetical citation?
At least page number
If there is no author, what is put in place of the author's name in an in-text/parenthetical citation?
Name of book/article/etc.