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Politics of the United States
AP Gov Test
Terms in this set (11)
The Preamble is the opening statement to the United States Constitution. The preamble explains the reasons why the Framers of the Constitution made our government a republic. By doing this, the founding fathers replaced the Articles of Confederation. The Preamble helped explain why the Constitution was written.
Article I Section 1
Legislative Power, Congress. Creates the two house legislature: the House of Representatives and the Senate
Article I Section 2
House of Representatives. Stipulates that representatives will be elected every two years, must be 25 years old, and the number of reps per state will be based on population. The house is given the power to impeach (accuse) civil officers here. This section also includes the Three-Fifths Compromise.
Article I Section 3
The Senate. Each state has two senators whose terms last six years; and one third will be up for reelection every two years. Senators must be 30 years old, a citizen for 9 years, and live in the state they are serving. The senate is given the power to conduct impeachment trials.
Article I Section 4
Elections and Meetings. Briefly describes the election process for Congress, and says that Congress must meet once a year.
Article I Section 5
Legislative Proceedings. Requires each chamber to keep a journal of its proceedings, and have a quorum (majority) present to officially do business.
Article I Section 6
Compensation, Immunities, and Disabilities of Members
Article I Section 7
Revenue Bills; President's Veto. All bills that raise money must originate in the House; but Senate can amend. Any bill passed by congress must be sent to the president, and he can either sign it or veto it. If he vetoes it can be overridden by a two-thirds vote from congress.
Article I Section 8
Powers of Congress. This is the section that Congress' enumerated powers are found: raise taxes, borrow money, regulate foreign and interstate trade (Commerce Clause), determine citizenship, create lower federal courts, declare war, maintain the military, and make all other laws deemed necessary and proper (Elastic Clause).
Article I Section 9
Powers Denied to Congress. Writ of habeas corpus will not be suspended, no bills of attainder or ex post facto laws, can't tax exported goods, no establishment of nobility (king, prince, etc.), and gives Congress the power of the purse by prohibiting spending without law.
Article I Section 10
Powers Denied to the States. States can't negotiate with foreign governments, coin money, tax imports, or keep a standing army.
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