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32 terms

World History Chapter 2 Review

STUDY
PLAY
Memphis
first Egyptian capital.
Thebes
Egyptian capital in Moses' day.
Babylon
capital of Amorites and Chaldeans.
Hittites
first major iron producers.
Egypt
first kingdom with a solar calendar.
Lydians
first used coins.
Phoenicians
traders of purple.
Tyre
leading city of Phoenicia.
Damascus
Aramean capital.
Jerusalem
Hebrew capital.
cuneiform
What was the first form of writing?
Old, Middle, New
Name 3 kingdoms.
Hatshepsut
the first great woman ruler of Egypt.
Thutmose III
the greatest Egyptian warrior-king.
Hyksos
taught the Egyptians how to fight and brought with them horses, chariots, and iron weapons.
pharaohs
thought of as gods in Egypt.
Khufu
built the Great Pyramid at Gaza and was the most famous pharaoh of the Old Kingdom.
Menes
united the two lands of Upper and Lower Egypt.
Hammurabi
united the land of Mesopotamia, known well for his code of laws, and was the 6th king of the Amorites.
Sargon I
established the first known empire.
ziggurats
Sumerian architecture, temple towers.
polytheism
belief in many gods.
hieroglyphics
picture writing used to communicate.
Nile River
To what river was a Greek historian referring when he called Egypt the "gift of the river?"
Thutmose III
Who is called the "Napoleon of Egypt?"
pharaoh
Who was atop the social structure of ancient Egypt?
Rosetta Stone
What important discovery enabled Jean Champollion to read Egyptian hieroglyphics?
Phoenicians
Who made the first alphabet?
Hittites, Phoenicians, Arameans
List 3 civilizations that the Hebrew people encountered as the entered the Promise Land.
Theocracy
a people governed directly by God
Nineveh
What city became capital of the Assyrian Empire?
Zoroaster
What was the religion of Persia?