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French Protestants who were granted toleration by the Edict of Nantes in 1598 but not permitted to settle in New France
Animal whose skin provided great profits for the French empire and enhanced European fashion at enormous ecological cost
Catholic religious order that explored the North American interior and sought to protect and convert the Indians
Ohio River Valley
Inland river territory, scene of fierce competition between the French and land-speculating English colonists
Strategic French fortress conquered by New England settlers, handed back to the French, and finally conquered again by the British in 1759
Bloodiest European theater of the Seven Years' War, where Frederick the Great's troops drained French strength away from North America
Unification effort that Benjamin Franklin nearly led to success by eloquent leadership and cartoon artistry
Military aide of British General Braddock and defender of the frontier after Braddock's defeat; Militia commander whose frontier skirmish touched off a world war
Frederick the Great
Prussian king whose defeats of the French and others in Germany provided a key to the British victory in the Seven Years' War
Allies of the French against the British, who continued to fight under Pontiac even after the peace settlement in 1763
Seven Years' War
The larger European struggle of which the French and Indian war was part; Conflict that, in Europe, pitted France against Britain's ally, Frederick the Great of Prussia
One-time French territory, renamed Nova Scotia, whose citizens were removed to Louisiana by the British in 1755
War of Austrian Succession
Conflict that started with War of Jenkin's Ear (called King George's War in North America) and ended with return of Louisbourg to France
Strategic French outpost at the mouth of the Mississippi, handed over to Spain in the peace treaty of 1763
Leader whose frontier uprising, crushed by harsh British tactics, caused British to attempt to limit colonial frontier expansion
Blundering British officer whose defeat gave the advantage to the French and Indians in the early phase of the war
Samuel du Champlain
The Father of New France, who established a fateful alliance with the Huron Indians
Plains of Abraham
Site of the death of Generals Wolfe and Montcalm, where France's New World empire also perished
Site of a meeting that proposed greater unity and home rule among Britain's North American colonies
Robert du La Salle
French empire builder who explored the Mississippi basin and named it after his monarch
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