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Migrants throughout Europe and West Asia who brought with them their language(s), horses and warlike culture
Linguistic group who occupied South Asia prior to the Indo-European migrations; the Harappans belonged to this group, as do the residents of the southern regions of the Indian sub-continent
mountains which separate the Ganges River valley and South Asia from the Tibetan plateau and Central Asia
The first and most important of the Vedas, it has historic, spiritual and social information about the Aryans
Aryan name for indigenous people of Indus valley region; regarded as socially inferior to Aryans
occupational group which provided rules for religion and conduct; there were thousands in each varna
legendary ancestor of all humans who survived a great flood; he also provided humans with rules for proper conduct
sometimes "suttee," it is the act whereby a devout Hindu widow shows her devotion to her husband by joining him on his funeral pyre
the term which we give to a diverse set of beliefs which originated in South Asia from the blend of Aryan and Dravidian religion and culture
"House of Clay"
the place of misery to which the Aryans believed poorly behaved humans would be condemned
"World of the Fathers"
the heaven to which those judged worthy would pass after death, according to the Aryans
The period of South Asian history which began with the migrations of the Aryans (singing the Vedas!) and ended app. 600 BCE
hallucinogenic consumed by Aryan priests as they performed ritual sacrifices; it brought the gods into the sacrifice
offering to the gods in exchange for divine support, performed by brahmins; the most important source of power during the Vedic Age
in Hinduism he was the universal soul, and in the trinity of gods in Hinduism he was the Creator
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths; union with Brahman
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