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63 terms

Medical Terms Ch 6 SCTI

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Lupus erythematosus
A collagen disease that was named for the characteristic rash across the nose in some patients
Osteoid
Resembling bone
Myelofibrosis
Replacement of bone marrow by fibrous tissue
Osteoarthritis
A chronic disease involving the bones and joints
Scoliosis
Lateral curvature of the spine
Osteomyelitis
Inflammation of the bone, especially the bone marrow
Joint
Articulation
Bursae
Sacks of fluid located in areas of fricton, especially in the joints
Polyarthritis
Inflammationof more than one joint
Dislocation
Displacement of a bone from a joint
Closed reduction
Pulling the broken ends of a bone into alignment by manipulation without surgery
Extension
The movement that brings the leg into a straight position
Chondrosarcoma
A malignant tumor composed of cartilage
Cranioplasty
Surgical repair of the skull
Costectomy
Excision of a rib
Arthroscopy
Visualization of the interior of the joint
Arthritis
Inflammation of a joint
Craniotomy
Incision of the cranium
Substernal
Below the breastbone
Costovertebral
Pertaining to a rib and a vertebra
Orthopedist
The physician who specializes in disorders of the skeletal and muscular systems
Myasthenia gravis
A disease characterized by great muscular weakness
Thoracic vertebrae
Part of the posterior wall of the chest cavity
Scapula
Shoulder blade
Ankylosed spine
A condition in which the whole spine is stiffened
Arthrocentesis
The puncture of a joint space with a needle, usually done to remove excess fluid
Fascial
An adjective that refers to the fibrous membrane that covers, supports, and separates muscle
Tendoplasty
Surgical repair of a tendon
Tarsoptosis
Prolapse of the ankle
Chondrectomy
Excision of cartilage
Compound fracture
A broken bone that is visible through an opening in the skin
Multiple myeloma
A disease characterized by the presence of many tumor masses in the bone and bone marrow
Myocele
Fascial hernia
Spondylitis
Inflammation of the vertebrae
Craniectomy
Excision of a portion of the skull
Intercostal
Between the ribs
Coccyx
The tailbone
Spondylomalacia
Softening of the vertebrae
Herniated disk
Rupture of an intervertebral disk
Carpophalangeal
Pertaining to the wrist and fingers
Rachialgia
Painful spine
Sacral
Does not pertain to a pelvic bone
Sternal
Pertains to the breastbone
Humeral, radial, ulnar
Pertains to a bone in the arm
Patellofemoral
Kneecap and the thigh bone
Osteomalacia
A skeletal disorder in adults characterized by a disturbance in bone metabolism and commonly caused by a deficiency of vitamin D
Myelitis
Inflammation of the bone marrow or the spinal cord
Laminectomy
Relieves the pain caused by a herniated disk
Metatarsals
Both are located between the toes and the bones of the ankle
Sternum
The breastbone
Osteochondritis
Inflammation of the bone and cartilage
Arthroscope
Instrument used in arthroscopy
Myodynia or myalgia
Muscle pain
Cerebrospinal
Pertain to the brain and the spine
Clavicular
Pertain to the collarbone
Lumbar
Pertaining to the lower back
Cervical
Pertaining to the neck
Hematopoiesis
Production of blood cells
Myelosuppression
Suppression of the bone marrow
Antiarthritic
agent that works against arthritis
Bunionectomy
surgical removal of a bunion
Decalcification
loss of calcium from bones or teeth
Osteoporotic
pertaining to or caused by the porous condition of bones