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PA Envirothon Amphibians
Terms in this set (25)
a frog of larger, permanent water bodies, swamps, ponds, lakes, where it is usually found along the water's edge
Eastern American Toad*
Wide variety of moist, insect-rich habitats from lawns and gardens to heavily forested mountains to ponds and lakes.
Eastern Gray Treefrog*
They can change from a bright green to gray (almost brown) in seconds.
Favoring grasslands and savannas, these frogs also utilize farm woodlots, swamps, old fields, and suburban yards -- almost anywhere where breeding ponds are near trees or shrubs; most common throughout the western and southern portions of the Great Lakes region.
Slow-moving water and other damp areas, preferably with low, dense vegetation; streams, swamps, and meadows.
Northern Green Frog*
Lives close to shallow water, springs, swamps, brooks, and edges of ponds and lakes. May be found among rotting debris of fallen trees.
Northern Leopard Frog*
From freshwater sites with profuse vegetation to brackish marches and moist fields; from desert to mountain meadow.
Northern Spring Peeper*
Wooded areas in or near permanent or temporarily flooded ponds and swamps.
Moist woodlands in eastern areas; open grasslands in western; tundra in the far north.
Bogs, boggy streams, and floodplains; usually associated with sphagnum moss.
Eastern hellbenders are completely aquatic. They prefer clear, fast-flowing, well-oxygenated streams and rivers. The stream bottom should contain many large flat boulders, logs, and debris. In Virginia, hellbenders have been observed in streams as small as 5 meters and rivers over 100 meters wide.
Because of their preference for clean streams and rivers, hellbenders serve as indicators of stream health. The presence of young and adults is synonymous with good water quality.
Deciduous forests; under debris near swamps and ponds.
Longtail Salamanders inhabit damp habitats around streams, seepages, and springs. They spend days concealed under rocks, leaves, and logs in damp areas. They are most active on rainy nights when they will occasionally venture some distance from standing water.
Woodlands, from low swampy areas to relatively dry hillsides.
Lakes, rivers, and streams of all descriptions, from muddy, weed-choked shallows to a record depth of 90' (27.4 m) in cold Lake Michigan.
Northern Dusky Salamander
Rock-strewn woodland creeks, seepages, and springs in northern areas; floodplains, sloughs, and mucky sites along upland streams in more southerly areas. Near sea level to about 5,300' (1,615 m).
Northern Spring Salamander
Cool and well-shaded mountain springs at high elevations, and wet depressions beneath logs, stones, or leaves in surrounding forests
Northern two-lined Salamander
Rock-bottomed brooks, springs, seepages, river swamps, and floodplain bottoms in coastal plain to damp forest floors at high elevations; near sea level to 6,000' (1,829 m).
Northern Red Salamander
Red salamanders are found near streams and springs, under rocks or logs, in forest leaf litter or moss. They live throughout most of the Bay watershed, from southern New York to Virginia and everywhere in between.
is completely terrestrial. Redback salamanders can usually be found under logs, moss, stones, and other debris on the floor of a deciduous, evergreen, or mixed forest. They are most abundant in areas with a lot of moisture.
Adults in ponds and lakes with dense submerged vegetation, quiet stretches or backwaters of streams, swamps, and ditches; efts in neighboring damp woodlands.
Shaded ravine slopes, shale banks, wooded floodplains, cave entrances; near sea level to 5,500' (1,676 m).
Coastal Plain Leopard Frog
ENDANGERED:The coastal plain leopard frog is endangered because of the loss of its breeding sites to industrial activity.
Eastern Mud Salamander
may be found in the fine, black muck under stones and logs, or burrowing in spring seepages, spring-fed brooks or swamps, along the coastal plain or Piedmont regions from southern New Jersey to Georgia.
The first specimen of the eastern mud salamander to be described was taken from South Mountain near Carlisle, Cumberland County. Despite repeated searches, additional specimens from this locality have not been found, but the animal has been found at a nearby site. Although occurring at higher elevations at the southern edge of its range, its occurrence in mountainous country in the north is unusual.
New Jersey Chorus Frog
ENDANGEREDThe populations of the New Jersey chorus frog in Pennsylvania are small and threatened because of heavy industrial use of the areas they inhabit. Many of the small breeding ponds and forested areas they require have been filled in or cleared.
In Pennsylvania the New Jersey chorus frog breeds in small, relatively open bodies of water with a mixture of shrubby and herbaceous aquatic vegetation, or sometimes in the shallow backwater areas of larger bodies of water with similar vegetation.
THREATENEDvGreen salamanders historically occurred at one site in southern Fayette County, the northernmost known locality in their limited Appalachian range. Sand mining at this site may prove a threat to this species. Less than 1 2 additional sites have now been found as a result of further search.
Green salamanders have been found in Pennsylvania only in certain crevices in sandstone rock cliffs or outcroppings of the Pottsville formation. These rocks are located on moist hardwood forest slopes or ravines, often near streams.
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