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28 terms

Basic Cooking Terms

Most commonly used cooking terms.
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Bake
to cook by dry heat usually in an oven
Barbecue
To roast meat slowly on a spit rack or rack over heat - basting frequently with a seasoned sauce.
Beat
To make mixture smooth by lifting it over and over quickly with a big beating stroke or to incorporate air through the mixture.
Blend
To mix two or more ingredients together until well combined.
Boil
To cook in water or liquid in which bubbles rise continually and break on surface
Broil
To cook over, under, or in front of hot coals or a gas or electric burner, or other form of direct heat.
Brown
To bake, dry, or toast a food until the surface is brown.
Brush
To coat food with butter, margarine, or egg - using a small brush.
Cook
To prepare food by applying heat in any form.
Cream
To beat sugar and fat together until fluffy
Cut in
To cut fat into flour with two knives or pastry blender until it is distributed in small particles throughout the mixture.
Chop
To cut into small pieces.
Dice
To cut into very small cubes.
Flour
To sprinkle or coat with a powdered a powdered substance, usually with crumbs or seasonings.
Fold-in
To mix ingredients by gently turning one part over another with a spatula
Garnish
To ornament food - usually with another colorful food - before serving to add eye appeal.
Grate
To finely divide food in various sizes by rubbing it on a grater with sharp projections.
Knead
To work dough with the "heel" of the hands, using a pressing motion, accompanied by folding and stretching until smooth and elastic.
Mince
To cut or chop food as finely as possible.
Peel
To remove or strip off the skin or rind of some fruits and vegetables.
Roll
To flatten to a desired thickness by using a rolling pin.
Saute
To cook in a small amount of fat.
Season
To add salt, pepper, or other substances to food to enhance flavor.
Simmer
To cook below the boiling point, bubbles form slowly and break on the surface.
Steam
To cook in the steam generated by boiling water.
Stir
To mix by using circular motion, going around and around until blended
Toss
To mix ingredients lightly without mashing or crushing them.
Whip
To beat rapidly to introduce air bubbles into food. Applied to cream, eggs, and gelatin.