the original source of energy on earth
to make something
organisms that make all their own organic matter
organisms that cannot make organic molecules from inorganic ones
the aerobic harvesting of chemical energy from organic fuel molecules
presence of molecular oxygen
lacks presence of molecular oxygen
transfer of electrons and hydrogens from one substance to another
oxygen gains electrons and hydrogens
glucose loses electrons and hydrogens
completes the breakdown of sugar all the way to carbon dioxide
a molecule of glucose is split into two molecules of a compound called pyruvic acid, net gain of two ATP, NADH produced for ETC
the general term for all the chemical processes that occur in cells
the turbine-like structures in mitochondrial membrane that are powered by electron transport
electron transport chain
a series of electron carrier molecules that shuttle electrons during the redox reactions that release energy used to make ATP
aerobic respiration equation
C6H12O6+6CO2 _enzymes+ATP_6CO2+6H2O+38 ATP and heat
an organism with the metabolic versatility to harvest food energy by either cellular respiration or fermentation
an organism that is poisoned by oxygen
an organism that depends on oxygen and cellular respiration to stay alive
the anaerobic harvest of food energy
lactic acid fermentation
the conversion of pyruvate to lactate with no release of carbon dioxide
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