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movements of the body

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flexion
decrease in joint angle
extension
increase in joint angle
abduction
away from midline of the body
adduction
toward the midline of the body
Transverse abduction (horizontal flexion)
horizontal movement away from midline
transverse adduction (horizontal extension)
horizontal movement towards midline
external rotation (outward rotation)
rotating axis of bone away from body. lateral rotation
Internal rotation (inward rotation)
rotating axis of bone towards the body. medial rotation
eversion
turn sole of foot outwards. walking on inside of foot.
inversion
turn sole of foot inwards. walking on outside of foot.
dorsiflexion
top of foot towards shin
plantarflexion
top of foot away from shin. toe rise
supination
turning palm upwards. hold a bowl of soup. only allowed at radioulna joint.
pronation
turning pal downwards. only allowed at radioulna joint.
circumduction
proximal end of limb remains stationary, distal end moves in circular pattern.