Age of Jackson Begins, Nullification Crisis, Age of Jackson - Policy Towards Native Americans Study Set

The Election of 1828
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The election of John Quincy Adams, also known as the Corrupt Bargain, led to what?Split of the Democratic-Republican PartyDemocratic PartyFormed out of Jackson's supporters when the Republican party split. This new party claimed to represent the common man. They favored states' rights and distrusted strong central government.theory that STATES had rights that the federal government could not violate and that states could NULLIFY federal laws. (Nullification is based on states rights)States Rightsthe idea of a state declaring a FEDERAL law illegal or UNCONSTITUTIONAL.NullificationSoutherners, led by JOHN C CALHOUN, are outraged at the government for passing a high TARIFF. They claim that tariffs only BENEFITED THE NORTH and they would not pay the tax. If the government tries to make them, they threaten to SECEDE (leave) the Union. Andrew Jackson compromises by lowering the tariff. Based on STATES RIGHTSNullification CrisisCongressman from Massachusetts who strongly opposed the doctrine of nullification. He debated Calhoun on this issue. He believed the people, not the states, made up the union. He participated in the famous Webster-Haynes debate over whether the federal or state government was supreme.Daniel WebsterWhat was the result of Henry Clay's Compromise Tariff of 1833?Brought the Nullification Crisis to an end and prevented a civil war.What was the South's argument against the protective tariffs of 1828 and 1832?It hurt the Southern economy"To say that any state may at pleasure secede from the Union, is to say that the United States are not a nation..." - President Andrew Jackson, December 1832The statement above was issued during what historical event?Nullification CrisisProblem over if the state of South Carolina had the right to nullify (overturn) a federal law. State's rights vs federal rights.Nullification Crisis"The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution,... are reserved for the states, 10th Amendment" Conflicting interpretations of this amendment played a major role in the -Nullification Crisis comes from conflicting views of the US ConstitutionWhen South Carolina refused to pay the lowered tariff they also threatened to secede from the country. Jackson threatened to use force against them. Eventually Congress passed a lower tariff and the crisis was averted...for now. What event is being described?Nullification CrisisThis state passed the Nullification Act declaring it would not pay the "illegal" tariffs. They also threatened to secede, or break away from the Union if the federal government interfered.South CarolinaWhat was Jackson's reaction to the Supreme Court case Worcester v. Georgia?Jackson ignored it.What is the forced march of the Cherokees from Georgia to Oklahoma?Trail of TearsWhat was the Supreme Court cases that ruled in favor of the Cherokees? Jackson ignored the ruling of the Supreme Court - led to the Trail of TearsWorcester v. GeorgiaWhat law relocated the Native Americans to present day Oklahoma?Indian Removal ActIndian Removal Act1830 Law that required the relocation of Cherokees to western territoriesThe Supreme Court ruling that declared only the federal government, not an individual state, could enforce laws on distinct Indian communities is -Worcester v. GeorgiaAllowed the federal government to pay Native Americans to move westIndian Removal Actthe forced journey of the Cherokee from the Southeast to present-day OklahomaTrail of TearsWorcester vs. GeorgiaThe Cherokees sued to keep their land and the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Cherokees; Jackson ignored the ruling and removed the Native Americans.Which shaded state was the main destination of American Indians forced to relocate as part of the Trail of Tears?OklahomaWhat was a major reason for the federal government's involvement in the relocations depicted on the map?To acquire valuable agricultural land and natural resourcesIn 1832 the Supreme Court ruled that Georgia did not have legal authority over the Cherokees living in the state, President Andrew Jackson responded to this decision by -Ignoring the ruling and allowing Georgia to evict the Cherokee NationWhat was President Jackson's reaction to the Supreme Court's ruling in Worcester v. Georgia (1832)?President Jackson ignored the Court's ruling since it affected to powers of Georgia and not the federal government.White settlers wanting the Cherokees' lands led to-Thousands of Cherokees being forcibly removed from their homes in Georgia.How did the Cherokee Nation challenge the laws and policies against them?Wanted to resolve their conflict with the U.S. government in the Supreme Court.