Fluency Activities
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Terms in this set (90)
DigraphA combination of two letters representing one sound Ex. Ph, Sh, ChStanine Scoreswhole number scores from 1 to 9, each representing a wide range of raw scoresHyperboleexaggerationAutomaticityReading with accuracy at an appropriate speedDiphthongVowel combination Ex. oy, oi, aiChoral ReadingTwo or more readers read aloud simultaneouslyThree Components of Reading FluencyRate, accuracy, and prosodyReaders TheatreActors read their scripts, opportunity to reread textIntonationVarying Pitch when readingBlendsA combination of 2 or 3 sounds Ex. Bl or SPRBlendTwo consonants that appear together in a word that combine their sound, Each letter maintains it own soundRoot WordA word to which affixes are addedFloss RuleF, L, and S are doubled following a short vowel Ex. GlassGraphphophonicConsider letter-sound relationship of the word. Does it 'look right'?Word OriginThe word from which the derivation was formed; The language from which the word was formedSemanticsThe study of the meaning of words and rootsMorphologyThe study of how words are formed and their relationship to other wordsAllusionReferencing to people or events without describing them explicitlyGraphophonemic ErrorsSound-Symbol relationship errors Ex. Feather for FatherSyntactic ErrorsThe error is the same part of speech as the correct word. Ex. Into for ThroughText StructuresHow text is Organized Ex. Organizational PatternsPhoneme BlendingCombining sounds to form wordsInteractive WritingPeer editingTeaching Students to SpellWord hunts, word sorts, tracing words in sandConcept of a WordDistinguishing between letters Ex. Sounds, words, sentencesDerivationForming new words from other wordsText FeaturesThe organization of print within a passageSyntaxThe organization of words to form logical, meaningful sentencesPhoneticsThe study of Speech sounds made by human voice in speechHelping students Recognize and use Abbreviations and AcronymsStudents need to consider their purposes for communication. informal: Friends Formal: business letterShared Writing ExperiencesT & S plan together the content of writing pieces, Teachers model, Students reviseRole of Contextual Strategies in Vocabulary DevelopmentUsed to determine meaning of unknown vocab when encountered in textBenefits of Independent Daily Reading TimeBoost engagement w/ reading, Helps develop a love for reading, increases fluency, books are self-selectedRole of Non-Contextual Strategies in Vocabulary Developmentused when new vocab is learned w/o seeing of hearing the words in contextShared Reading ExperiencesRead aloud using big books, text written on chart paper, and projected text. Teachers ask questions and model strategiesRead AloudsStudents listen and are shown pictures. Students do not have access to text during RA. Their main focus in listeningLanguage Experience ApproachFocuses on using own experiences as the topics of literacy experiencesCloze Reading ProcedureReading passages that contain omitted words, word banks can be providedGuided Reading InstructionTeachers arrange kids in flexible groups and meet with groups separately. Students have their own leveled text on their instructional reading levelRubricsExplain the Criteria used to assign scores for different levels of masteryCapitalization InstructionGive students text and ask them to circle capital lettersCorrecting Mechanic errors in writingFrequent modeling, checklist, rubrics, follow routines when editingPunctuation InstructionIntroduce it, discuss its purpose, demonstrate how to use it, give frequent opportunitiesPrincipals of effective writingClarity and brevity, authors craft and voice, careful editingRole of Memorization in Spelling Development and InstructionHigh frequency words w/irregular spelling patterns, letter tiles, give time to write words w/ scaffolding to help memorizeEvaluative Comprehension Skillsrecognizing an author's bias, detecting propaganda, judging the quality of authors workInferential Comprehension SkillsInferring the main idea when not explicitly stated. Cause and effect relationships, speculating on possible story endings ad why the characters act the way they doLiteral Comprehension SkillsIdentify main idea when its explicitly stated, identify important details, identify sequence of eventsSpeech EmergentContinue to master phonics, sight vocab, lessons on prefixes and suffixes, and comprehension lessonsIntermediate FluencyAdvance word analysis skills, academic language, study guides and data retrieval chartsPreproductionListen and utter a few words, teach survival words, boys, girls, stopEarly PropuctionUtter single words and short phrases. Teach concept of print, build sight vocab, phonics, label illustrationsMiscue AnalysisExamining a record of a students Oral Reading to identify and classify errorsStages of Spelling DevelopmentPre-phonetic, Semi-phonetic, Phonetic, Derivational ConstancyOrthographyAlphabet layer, Patterns Layer, Meaning LayerOrthographic Processingrecognizing letter patterns that make up words or word partsProverbsshort sayings of wisdom or truth, use graphic organizers to list literal and figurative meaningsPragmaticsThe study of the relationship between words, expressions, or symbols and their usesUsing Word Walls to Support Reading and Writing DevelopmentWW- should be meaningful Teacher should model Visuals can be incorporatedPhonemic AwarenessUnderstanding that words are made of individual soundsPhoneme Identificationrecognizing the same sounds in words ex. time, tough, turnPhonologythe study of speech sounds in languageSchema Theorywhen people encounter new concepts, newly learned knowledge gets organized into units called schemata. KWL chartSchwasunstressed, central vowel sounds ex. aroundDecodable textuse of words containing previously taught phonics skillsReciprocal Teaching strategiesSummarize, Question, Predict, ClarifyLiterary Devicestechniques authors use in their writing to set a certain mood, emphasize a point, convey a descriptionInflectionA change in the form of a word, typically the endingAlliterationSame consonant soundsPhoneme IsolationIdentify the beginning, middle, and end sounds in wordsConnotationIdeas or feelings evoked b a wordSemantic ErrorsMeaning related errors Ex. dad for fatherLiterary ElementsCharacters, Setting, Plot, Conflict, ResolutionConsonancerepeated consonant soundsPhonicsLetter-sound relationshipLiteracy CirclesStudents are given choices about the books they readAssonancerepeated vowel sounds in nearby wordsInstructional Reading LevelDecoding 90%-94% Correct R/C 70%-89% correctIndependent Reading LevelDecoding 95%-100% correct R/c 90%-100% correctSight WordsIrregular spelling patterns and high frequency words