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Terms from Chapter 24 on Soft-Tissue Injuries in MOD 5 of Emergency: Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured


Loss or damage of the superficial layer of skin as a result of a body part rubbing or scrapping across a rough or hard surface


An injury in which soft tissue either is torn completely loose or hanging as a flap


An injury in which the soft tissue receives more energy than it can absorb without injury from thermal heat, frictional heat, toxic chemicals, electricity, or nuclear radiation

closed injury

Injury in which damage occurs beneath the skin or mucous membrane but the surface remains intact

compartment syndrome

Swelling in a confined space that produces dangerous pressure; may cut off blood flow or damage sensitive tissue


The presence of infective organisms or foreign bodies such as dirt, gravel, or metal


A bruise without a break in the skin


The inner layer of the skin, containing hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels


Discoloration associated with the closed wound; signifies bleeding


The outer layer of skin that acts as a watertight protective covering


The displacement of organs outside the body

full-thickness burn

A burn that affects all skin layers and may affect subcutaneous layers, muscle, bone, and internal organs, leaving the area dry, leathery, and white, dark brown, or charred; traditionally called a third degree burn


Blood collected within the body's tissues or in the body cavity


A sharp or smooth cut


A jagged open wound

mucous membrane

The lining of body cavities and passages that are in direct contact with the outside environment

occlusive dressing

Dressing made of Vaseline gauze, aluminum foil, or plastic that prevents air and liquids from entering or exiting the wound

open injury

An injury in which there is a breaking the surface of the skin with the mucous membrane, exposing deeper tissues to potential contamination

partial-thickness burn

A burn affecting the epidermis and some portion of the dermis but not the subcutaneous tissue, characterized by blisters and skin that is white to red, moist, and mottled; traditionally called a second-degree burn

penetrating wound

An injury resulting from a sharp, pointed object


Describes an animal that is infected with rabies

Rule of Nines

A system that assigns percentages to sections of the body, allowing calculation of the amount of skin surface involved in the burn area

superficial burn

A burn affecting only the epidermis, characterized by skin that is red but not blistered or actually burned through; traditionally called a first-degree burn

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