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23 terms

EMT-B Chapter 24 Soft-Tissue Injuries

Terms from Chapter 24 on Soft-Tissue Injuries in MOD 5 of Emergency: Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured
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abrasion
Loss or damage of the superficial layer of skin as a result of a body part rubbing or scrapping across a rough or hard surface
avulsion
An injury in which soft tissue either is torn completely loose or hanging as a flap
burn
An injury in which the soft tissue receives more energy than it can absorb without injury from thermal heat, frictional heat, toxic chemicals, electricity, or nuclear radiation
closed injury
Injury in which damage occurs beneath the skin or mucous membrane but the surface remains intact
compartment syndrome
Swelling in a confined space that produces dangerous pressure; may cut off blood flow or damage sensitive tissue
contamination
The presence of infective organisms or foreign bodies such as dirt, gravel, or metal
contusion
A bruise without a break in the skin
dermis
The inner layer of the skin, containing hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels
ecchymosis
Discoloration associated with the closed wound; signifies bleeding
epidermis
The outer layer of skin that acts as a watertight protective covering
evisceration
The displacement of organs outside the body
full-thickness burn
A burn that affects all skin layers and may affect subcutaneous layers, muscle, bone, and internal organs, leaving the area dry, leathery, and white, dark brown, or charred; traditionally called a third degree burn
hematoma
Blood collected within the body's tissues or in the body cavity
incision
A sharp or smooth cut
laceration
A jagged open wound
mucous membrane
The lining of body cavities and passages that are in direct contact with the outside environment
occlusive dressing
Dressing made of Vaseline gauze, aluminum foil, or plastic that prevents air and liquids from entering or exiting the wound
open injury
An injury in which there is a breaking the surface of the skin with the mucous membrane, exposing deeper tissues to potential contamination
partial-thickness burn
A burn affecting the epidermis and some portion of the dermis but not the subcutaneous tissue, characterized by blisters and skin that is white to red, moist, and mottled; traditionally called a second-degree burn
penetrating wound
An injury resulting from a sharp, pointed object
rabid
Describes an animal that is infected with rabies
Rule of Nines
A system that assigns percentages to sections of the body, allowing calculation of the amount of skin surface involved in the burn area
superficial burn
A burn affecting only the epidermis, characterized by skin that is red but not blistered or actually burned through; traditionally called a first-degree burn