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59 terms

social studies chapter 1 grade 5 joined scott foresman

STUDY
PLAY
land use
how the land is used
natural resources
something found in nature that people can use
renewable resources
resources that can be made again by people and nature
nonrenewable resources
resources that cannot be made again by people, or resources that would take thousands of years for nature to replace
modify
change
irrigation
use of canals, ditches, or pipes to move water
efficiency
using less energy
Contiguous
next to each other
Region
an area in which many features are similar
Relative location
where it is compared to other places
Continents
one of Earth's seven largest land masses
population
number of people
Absolute location
exact location
lines of latitude or parallels
lines the run east and west
lines of longitude or meridians
lines that run north and south
landform region
region that has similar landforms throughout
climate
kind of weather a place has over a long time
mountain range
group of connected mountains
erosion
gradual wearing away of the Earth's surface
prairie
an area of flat or rolling land covered mostly by grasses
environment
surroundings in which people, plants and animals live
inlet
any area of water extending into the land from a larger body of water
gulf
the largest inlets
sound
a long inlet that separates offshore islands from the mainland
tributary
a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river
river system
made up of a river and its tributaries
drainage basin
the land drained by a river system
fall line
a place where the land drops sharply, causing rivers to form waterfalls or rapids
elevation
the height of the land in relation to sea level
natural vegetation
plant life that grows naturally in a place
arid
dry
tundra
a cold, dry region where trees cannot grow
What affects climate?
Elevation, near water, distance from equator, location on earth , tilt of Earth
Inlet size is
small
Sound size is
bigger than inlet
Gulf size
biggest!!!
contiguous
next to each other
region
an area in which many features are similar
continent
one of Earth's seven largest landmasses
population
the number of people who live in an area
relative location
the position of one place compared to that of the other places
50 States
In the United States
48 States
Are Contigous
Alaska and Hawia
Are not Contigous so are not touching
5 Regions
These 5 are similar in LAND and CLIMATE
Northeast
Me VT NH NY NJ PA RI CT DE MD MA
West
WA OR CA WY AK ID MT UT CO NV
three largest countries in North America
The United States, Canada, and Mexico
Southeast
WV VA NC SC GA FL KY TN AL MS LA AR
Midwest
ND MO IL SD IA ML NE MN IN KS WI OH
SouthWEST
AZ NM TX OK
Absolute Location
The EXACT LOCATION of a place
Line of Latitude
Lines on a map or globe that run EAST and WEST
Paralell
A line of LATITUDE. It is called this because parales are always the same distance from on another
Line of LONGITUDE
Lines on a map or globe that run NORTH and SOUTH, they are also called Maridans
Meridian
A Line of Longitude that runs from the NORTH POLE to SOUTH
Decade
period of ten years
Century
period of 100 years
millennium
period of 1000 years