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AP U.S. history (U.S. colonies)
people/places that influenced the u.s. colonization
Terms in this set (97)
the conquistador that conquered the Aztecs
Spanish labor system in the new world
(teach native Spanish and convert them-they work for you)
Viking, discovered America 500 years before Columbus
reason why america isn't called Columbia
Land bridge that the first Asians crossed 35,000-40,000 years ago
Spanish conquistador who conquered Atahualpa and the Incas
Help start the protestant reformation when he put his 95 theses on the church door
Purchased Manhattan Island for $24
(in trinkets and goods)
first explorer (Portuguese) to reach the southern tip of Africa in 1488
the king who created the Anglican Church
Movement against Catholic church from Martin Luther
(95 theses) and the idea of faith alone
Giovanni De Verrazano
French explorer (actually Italian) sent by King Francis I (1524) to find a northwest passage explored; explored the coast of North America
Native American Society that practiced human sacrifice and ruled central Mexico and founded Tenochtitlan (mexico city)
People in Spanish New World-
Born in Europe
King of Spain, sent the Spanish Armada to destroy England (but was defeated- weakening Spain and empowering England)
English "Pirates" who attacked spanish ships
Founded by James Oglethorpe in 1733
as a debtors haven and also served as a buffer state between
(rich) South Carolina and Spanish Florida
People in France who converted to calvanism
Sir Francis Drake
Sea Dog- first Englishman to sail around the world
Large Spanish estates in the New World
with crops and herbs (think encomienda)
he helped inspire exploration and increased demand for goods from Asia by writing a book about his travels to China in the late 1200s
which European country was the first to enter the age of exploration by sailing down the coast of Africa
The Americas were named after this Italian navigator
staple crop of many native american societies spread out of Mexico
People in Spanish New World
1 parent European, 1 parent African
french sailor who explored the St. Lawrence river region between 1534 and 1542, he searched for a northwest passage.he found no such passage but claimed Canada for the French
first English settlement in the New World. it was off coast off North Carolina, established in 1587. Settlement failed and no one knows what became of the people who first settled there
a Spanish conquistador who went to the west indies in 1504. in 1519 he established Veracruz, the first Spanish colony in Mexico. by 1521, he had conquered the Aztec empire using horses, gunpowder, and steel weapons.
1636, banished from Massachusetts, traveled south where he founded the colony of Rhode Island
a Jesuit missionary and fur trader, he and Louis Joliet explored the upper Mississippi river in 1673
Catholic Missionaries strictly opposed protestants yet worked wit non-Christians very well
English Quaker, who founded Pennsylvania in 1682, after receiving a charter from King Charles II the year before
Treaty of Tordesillas
signed between Spain and Portugal in 1494, dividing all future discoveries in the New World between their respective nations
Robert de La Salle
Explored Mississippi River and claimed Louisiana for France
(in honor of Louis XIV- the Sun King)
a leader of the protestant Reformation
believed in predestination (god had already decided who was saved)
Juan Ponce de Leon
Spanish explorer who was trying to find the fountain of youth, instead in landed in Florida
method established by the Spanish in order to enslave native american populations. The Spanish crown would give land to Spaniards, but recipients were obligated to care for their native slaves
Inhabited the Andes Mountains in South America, built elaborate road systems, spoke Quechua, and had a strong central government.
Founded by:Swedish, Lutherans
Argued and fought with Peter Stuyvesant and
acquired by the Dutch in 1655
in 1703 became a Quaker Colony
Giovanni de Verrazano
Italian explorer in-service of France, explored eastern coast of North America, 1st europena to discover New York Harbor and Narragansett Bay,
first European to explore the St. Lawrence River
Samuel De Champlain
"Father of New France"...founded the first permanent french colony at Quebec(1608) also discover Lake Champlain(1609)
Robert de la Salle
sailed down the Mississippi river, and founded Louisiana in honor of King Louis XIV. And built first sailin vessel to navigate the Great Lakes
_____ claimed Canada,Great Lakes, and Mississippi River.
control of St. Lawrence R., The Great Lakes, and Mississippi R. provided them with a Natural Highway to interior of North America.
_____ established few large settlements in "New France" as an empire in North America. After 150 years, inhabited by only 80,000 settlers.
Sir Walter Raleigh
founded Roanoke, even though it disappeared without a trace and later known as The Lost Colony
Who sailed through Hudson Strait and first European to enter Hudson Bay (1610)?
Sir Humphrey Gilbert
Who made two unsuccessful attempts to colonize Newfoundland(in 1578 and 1586)?
Which queen who sent sea dogs that preyed on spanish treasure ships?
King Philip II
Who sent Spanish Armada to conquer England, but failed?
What place attracted:
landless and poor people
adventurers who hoped to acquire riches
Who had the credit for saving Jamestown, Virginia. but returned to England which caused the colony to almost perish.
the 1st harsh winter in Jamestown, Virginia, when John Smith returned to England due to injury. (which caused the colony to almost perish)
Who introduced cultivation of Tobacco ,product acquired from Indians.
was the first English settlement in America
were poor people that agreed to work without wage for a period of years, in exchange for their passage to the New World
brought the first African to the New World to be purchased as indentured servants
wanted to drive out colonists, was about to kill John Smith but ,as legend says it, Pocahontas intervened and saved him
Powhatan's daughter, and was said to have saved John Smith's life from her Indian tribe
settlement north of Jamestown ,site of the College of William and Mary, became the capital of Virginia in 1699
16th century, became England's official church in which everyone had to support it or else they would be fined or inprisoned
wanted to "purify" the Anglican Church from within it.
reformers, that broke away from the Anglican Church to setup independent churches that continued their beliefs.
separatists that set sail for america on the Mayflower in September 1620
colonists established a government of their own in which 41 male adults signed and pledged to enact just and equal laws for the common good.
which Indian showed pilgrims how to grow corn and where to hunt and fish
which type of people set aside a day for the year's blessing and invited the Indians to join the celebration of peace and plenty later known as thanksgiving
first Lord Baltimore, made a haven for Catholics, in Maryland
boundary dispute between Pennsylvania and Maryland which later became famous as the boundary between the free states and the slave states.
Quaker, founded Pennsylvania
founded by James Oglethorpe, as a barrier from Spanish Expansion and as a refuge for debtors for a fresh start in the New World.
crops grown for sale rather than for a farmer's own use
known as the "Bread Colonies"
had moderate sized farms
New England Colonies
had small farms
main crop corn(maize)
produced primarily for family
small farms, later plantation arose
large tracts of fertile land were available
large farms worked by slaves and/or indentured servants
first college in the English colonies founded by the puritans at Cambridge, Massachusetts 1636 to train young men for the ministry
founded Yale in Connecticut and Dartmouth in New Hampshire
established the first public school system in the colonies
New England Confederation
main purpose was to provide a united defense against Indians, Dutch, and French.consisted of two representive from each colony but dissolved in 1684 but known as the first colonal attempt to form a union.
King Philip's War
Chief Massasoit's son tried to drive out the colonists in a war(1675-1678) but Indians lost and left the power in New England was permanently broken.
Dominion of New England
(1686-1689) James II united New England colonies, New York, and New Jersey into a single royal providence
A Boston mob attacked Andros forced James II,king of England,to surrender and overthrown and send him back to England. New king restored the Dominion of New England to individual colonies
The Zenger Trial
argument of the right to expose and oppose an unjust government
Virginia House of Burgesses
established in 1619, first representative assembly in America. people elected representatives to have a voice in the government
a government derives its authority from the people and retains power only as long as the people support it
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
first written constitution, that defines the authority and outlines the form of a government
Quakers being strict:
no stage plays
"city of brotherly love"
founded by William Penn
Lovers not fighters
founded by dutch and later conquered by English
Duke OF York 6144
New England Colonies
Massachusetts,Rhode Island,Connecticut,New Hampshire
1st public school
small subsistence farms, diverse crops
-New York,New Jersey, Pennsylvania,Delaware
-super diverse(ethnically and religiously)
-moderate state diverse farms
-Virginia,Maryland,North Carolina,South Carolina, Virginia
-cash crops, plantation agriculture
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