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28 terms

Renaissance (6)

The following terms are associated with the Renaissance and the Reformation.
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Crusades
Wars fought over political control of middle east, the effects of which caused the Renaissance.
Patron
A supporter of the arts.
Humanism
The cultural emphasis of human accomplishments.
Italy
Location where Renaissance started.
Secular
Non-religious activities.
Merchant
One who makes wealth by trade.
Cultural Diffusion
The mixing of ideas, goods, beliefs, when cultures come into contact with each other.
DeMedici
Powerful Family in Italy which made wealth in trade.
City -States
Trade center which includes town and surrounding farm lands.
Peasants
Farm workers under the manorial system.
Manorialism
Economic system of middle ages where wealth was in land ownership and farming.
Feudalism
System of protection in middle ages where society was divided between lords, clergy and peasants. Power was based on land ownership and agriculture.
Renaissance
Age of Rebirth in Europe where the classical cultures of Greece and Rome were modeled.
William Shakespeare
English dramatist and poet; considered one of the greatest writers in the English Language.
Niccolo Machiavelli
Wrote "the Prince", a book describing the life of royalty and how keeping power is more important than justice.
Leonardo da Vinci
Famous scientist, inventor and artist. He painted the Mona-Lisa.
Miguel de Cervantes
Wrote "Don Quixote", a novel which makes fun of chivalry in the middle ages.
Galilei Galileo
Scientist who was put on trial by church because he maintained that the earth revolved around the sun.
Isaac Newton
Famous mathematician who created the system of calculus, and theorized law of gravity.
Michelangelo
Famous artist known for statue of David and painting the Sistine Chapel.
Vernacular
Common language.
Johann Gutenburg
Inventor of the movable type printing press.
perspective
The technique of showing dimension in a painting.
Thomas Aquinas
Great thinker who started a religious philosophy known as scholasticism.
Thomas More
English Humanist who wrote about Utopia, a perfect society.
Broadsides
One sheet newspaper.
Chaucer
Wrote The Canterbury Tales which gave a colorful tale of medieval life.
Castiglione
Wrote The Courtier which was about education and manners and had a great influence. It said that an upper class, educated man should know many academic subjects and should be trained in music, dance, and art.