sternoclavicular

elevation/depression --

convex: clavicle

concave: sternum

[opposite direction]

protraction/retraction --

convex: sternum

concave: clavicle

[same direction]

convex: clavicle

concave: sternum

[opposite direction]

protraction/retraction --

convex: sternum

concave: clavicle

[same direction]

acromioclavicular

convex: clavicle

concave: acromion

[opposite direction]

concave: acromion

[opposite direction]

glenohumeral

convex: humerus

concave: glenoid

[opposite direction]

concave: glenoid

[opposite direction]

ulnohumeral

convex: humerus

concave: ulna

[same direction]

concave: ulna

[same direction]

radiohumeral

convex: humerus

concave: radius

[same direction]

concave: radius

[same direction]

proximal radioulnar (similar to proximal tibiofibular)

convex: radius

concave: ulna

[opposite direction]

concave: ulna

[opposite direction]

distal radioulnar (similar to distal tibiofibular)

convex: ulna

concave: radius

[same direction]

concave: radius

[same direction]

radiocarpal

convex: carpals

concave: radius

[opposite direction]

concave: radius

[opposite direction]

metacarpophalangeal joints, digits 2-5

convex: metacarpals

concave: phalanges

[same direction]

concave: phalanges

[same direction]

prox and distal IP joints of digits 2-5

convex: the more proximal phalange

concave: the more distal phalange

[same direction]

concave: the more distal phalange

[same direction]

hip

convex: femur

concave: acetabulum

[opposite direction]

concave: acetabulum

[opposite direction]

tibiofemoral

convex: femur

concave: tibia

[same direction]

concave: tibia

[same direction]

patellofemoral

convex: patella

concave: femur

[opposite direction]

concave: femur

[opposite direction]

proximal tibiofibular (similar to proximal radioulnar)

convex: tibia

concave: fibula

[same direction]

concave: fibula

[same direction]

distal tibiofibular (similar to distal radioulnar)

convex: fibula

concave: tibia

[opposite direction]

concave: tibia

[opposite direction]

talocrural

convex: talus

concave: tibia/fibula

[opposite direction]

concave: tibia/fibula

[opposite direction]

subtalar

(anterior and middle sections)

convex: talus

convex: calcaneus

[same direction]

(posterior sections) -- where calcaneus is rounded

convex: calcaneus

concave: talus

[opposite direction]

convex: talus

convex: calcaneus

[same direction]

(posterior sections) -- where calcaneus is rounded

convex: calcaneus

concave: talus

[opposite direction]

midtarsal

convex: the more medial tarsal

concave: the more lateral tarsal

[same direction]

concave: the more lateral tarsal

[same direction]

metatarsophalangeal

convex: metatarsals

concave: phalanges

[same direction]

concave: phalanges

[same direction]

IP joints of toes

convex: the more proximal phalange

concave: the more distal phalange

[same direction]

concave: the more distal phalange

[same direction]

temporomandibular

convex: mandible

concave: temporalis

[opposite direction]

concave: temporalis

[opposite direction]

convex-concave rule:

with convex on concave, roll and glide occur in the ________ direction.

with convex on concave, roll and glide occur in the ________ direction.

convex-concave rule:

- with CONVEX on concave, roll and glide occur in the OPPOSITE direction

- mobilizing force should be applied in the opposite direction of bone movement

- with CONVEX on concave, roll and glide occur in the OPPOSITE direction

- mobilizing force should be applied in the opposite direction of bone movement

convex-concave rule:

with concave on convex, roll and glide occur in the ________ direction

with concave on convex, roll and glide occur in the ________ direction

convex-concave rule:

- with CONCAVE on convex, roll and glide occur in the SAME direction

- mobilizing force should be applied in the same direction of bone movement

- with CONCAVE on convex, roll and glide occur in the SAME direction

- mobilizing force should be applied in the same direction of bone movement

indications for mobilization (3)

restricted joint mobility

restricted accessory motion

desired neurophysiological effects

restricted accessory motion

desired neurophysiological effects

contraindications for mobilization (8)

active disease

infection

advanced osteoporosis

articular hypermobility

fracture

acute inflammation

muscle guarding

joint replacement

infection

advanced osteoporosis

articular hypermobility

fracture

acute inflammation

muscle guarding

joint replacement