Manhattan GMAT Verbal Foundations - Vocab 4
Terms in this set (50)
Very important or influential person, especially in business.
Many students pursue MBAs in hopes of becoming wealthy and powerful magnates; some students never quite make it there, instead spending their careers staring at spreadsheets and taking orders from magnates.
Improvised, relating to a temporary substitute. The expressions thrown together or slapped together express a similar idea o f a making do with the resources on hand. Similarly, to jury rig something is to assemble it quickly with whatever materials you have available.
Lost in the woods for over 24 hours, the children were eventually found sleeping under a makeshift tent made from branches and old plastic bags.
Able to be bent, shaped, or adapted. Tractable, pliable, and plastic can also mean physically bendable, or metaphorically bendable, as in "easily influenced or shaped by others." Mutable means changeable.
My mother is a little too malleable—she said she liked all the things her first husband liked, and now she says she likes all the things her second husband likes.
Obvious, apparent, perceptible to the eye (adj.) or to become obvious, apparent, perceptible to the eye (verb). Also to show, make clear, or prove (verb). As a noun, a manifest is a list of people or goods aboard a plane, ship, train, etc. A manifestation is often when something "under the surface"
breaks out or becomes apparent.
Lupus is difficult to diagnose, but sometimes manifests as muscular weakness or joint pain.
The protest was a manifestation of a long-brewing discontent.
(of the Earth) - Layer of the Earth between the crust and the core. The mantle is about 1,800 miles thick and makes up about 85% of the total volume of the Earth.
A general truth or fundamental principle, especially expressed as a proverb or saying.
My favorite maxim is "Seize the day!" How much would it cost to get that on a tattoo? How much more for "Curiosity killed the cat"?
Brought about by means of; assisted as an intermediary. O f course, to mediate a dispute is to bring about a resolution, but mediated in science also has the idea of being "in the middle." For instance, a study might show that poverty leads to inattentiveness in school. But how? Research might
reveal that poverty leads to inattentiveness, mediated by poor nutrition. That is, poverty causes poor nutrition, which causes inattentiveness (because the kids are hungry). Mediation can help make sense of what seems like an indirect correlation.
Quickly and unpredictably changing moods; fickle, flighty.
Its tough being married to someone so mercurial. I do pretty much the same thing every day—some days, she thinks Ym great, and other days, the exact same behaviors make her inexplicably angry.
Stuck, entangled (in something, like a swamp or muddy area), soiled. Morass and quagmire are also words (often used metaphorically) for soft, swampy ground that a person can sink into. The Vietnam War was famously called a quagmire. The expression muck and mire means, literally, "animal
waste and mud" and can be used metaphorically. To muck up is to mess up or get dirty, and to muck about or around is to waste time.
Mired in her predecessor s mess and mistakes, the new CEO found it difficult to take the company in a new direction.
In addition to what has been said, for instance; besides.
His actions cost us the job; moreover, he seriously offended our client.
Customs, manners, or morals o f a particular group. Pronounce this word as two syllables
(rhymes with "more ways").
An American in Saudi Arabia should study the culture beforehand so as to avoid violating conservative
Relating to local self-government. A municipality is a city, town, etc.
A cloud o f gas and dust in space. Nebulas can form star-forming regions—all the materials clump together to form larger masses, thus attracting further matter and ultimately creating stars. A nebula can also be a cloudy spot on a person's eye, and nebulous can mean cloudy, unclear.
Nevertheless or nonetheless
However, even so, despite that. Note that both nevertheless and nonetheless are single words—the GMAT has tested this on Sentence Correction ("none the less" is NOT an expression in English and cannot be substituted for "no less").
Important or big enough to matter.
The chief o f staff told the assembled doctors, "We all make mistakes. But this mistake was nontrivial, and there is going to be an investigation."
Implying or attempting to establish a norm; expressing value judgments or telling people what to do (rather than merely describing that which is happening).
The reason we are not understanding each other in this argument about grammar is that you are arguing normatively, telling me how people should talk, and I am simply reporting how people actually talk.
Longing for the past.
The retail store Urban Outfitters uses nostalgia as a marketing strategy, branding many products with cartoon characters popular 10-20 years ago. Sure enough, many adult women do want to buy Jem or Spongebob t-shirts and lip balm.
Subtle differences in tone, meaning, expression, etc.
People with certain cognitive disabilities cannot understand the nuances of non-literal speech.
For instance, "You can come if you want to, but it's really going to be mostly family" really means that you shouldn't try to come.
Structure within a cell containing the cell's hereditary material; any central or essential part; core, kernel.
As a member o f the president's cabinet, he found himself in the nucleus o f power.
Casual, informal; done without preparation or forethought; rude in a short way, brusque.
I was pretty happy with my salary until my coworker Deena mentioned offhandedly that she was thinking about buying a house now that she made six figures.
Government by the few, especially by a class or a small group or clique.
Operating; having influence, force, or effect; effective, key, significant. The expression operative word refers to the one most meaningful word within a larger phrase. An operative can be a worker, or a detective or spy.
In the doctor's prescription of daily cardio exercise, the operative word is "daily."
Best, most desirable or favorable. To optimize is to make perfect, such as by "maxing out" or striking just the right balance.
Many believe that the U.S. Constitutions genius lies in its striking an optimal balance between freedom and order.
Stories told verbally, especially by people who are not literate or whose cultures do not have writing (or didn't at the time). An oral tradition is a practice of passing down a culture's history verbally.
Surpass, exceed; be larger or better than; leave behind.
Our sales figures this quarter have outstripped those of any other quarter in the company's history.
Model or pattern; worldview; set of shared assumptions, values, etc.
Far from being atypically bawdy, this limerick is a paradigm of the form—nearly all of them rely on off-color jokes.
Contradiction, or seeming contradiction that is actually true.
Kayla was always bothering the youth minister with her paradoxes, such as "If God is all-powerful, can He make a burrito so big He can't eat it?"
Model of excellence, perfect example.
Unlike his sister, he was a paragon of responsibility, taking in her three children when she went to jail, and even switching jobs so he could be there to pick them up from school.
Biased, prejudiced, favoring one over others; having a special liking for something or someone (usually partial to). Partial can also mean "in part," of course.
Although I grew up in New York, I've always been partial to country music.
His lawyers are appealing on the grounds that the judge was partial to the plaintiff, even playing golf with the plaintiff during the trial.
Obvious, apparent, plain to see (adj.); a letter from a government guaranteeing an inventor the rights to his or her invention (noun).
Her resume was full of patent lies: anyone could check to see that she had never been president of UNICEF.
Travel around while selling; sell illegally; give out or disseminate.
After an unsuccessful year spent peddling cutlery door-to-door, he turned to peddling drugs, thus landing himself in jail.
"I don't want these people peddling lies to our children," said Mrs. Hoffman, protesting an event in which fringe political candidates were invited to speak to kids.
Outer part of a shadow from an eclipse; any surrounding region, fringe, periphery; any area where something "sort of ' exists.
The Constitution doesn't specifically mention a right to privacy, but some experts consider this to exist in the penumbra of the Constitution, as a guarantee o f privacy is needed in order to
exercise the rights that are enumerated.
The rent in Chicago was too high, so they moved to a suburb in the penumbra of the city.
The most common use of per is "for each," as in, We will need one sandwich per child. However, per may also mean "by means of ' or "according to," as in I have delivered the package per your instructions.
Make perpetual, cause to continue.
Failing public schools in already distressed neighborhoods only perpetuate the cycle o f poverty.
Relating to the normal functioning of a living thing. This word is easy to remember: it looks a lot like physically logical.
A rapid heart rate is a physiological response to fear.
"Riding" on something bigger or more important. Piggyback literally refers to one person riding on the back of another (the way one sometimes carries a larger child). This word can be an
adverb, adjective, or noun.
The jobs bill arrived piggyback on the urgent disaster relief bill—a pretty dirty trick, if you ask me.
Related to government by the wealthy.
Divided into sharply opposed groups.
The school board was used to rationally discussing issues, but when it came to the teaching of evolution in schools, the board was polarized, immediately splitting into two camps, with the
discussion devolving into a shouting match within minutes.
Controversial argument, especially one attacking a specific idea.
Laura Kipnis's 2003 book Against Love: A Polemic has been called "shocking" and "scathing."
Perhaps Kipnis used the word polemic in the title to indicate that she's making an extreme argument as a means o f starting a debate. After all, whos really against love?
Claim, assert; assume the truth or reality of in order to form an argument.
Before proceeding further, let us postulate that men and women have some fundamental differences.
If we can accept that, we can talk about what type of policies should exist to ensure workplace equality.
Practical; dealing with actual facts and reality.
The congresswomen personally believed in animal rights, but she knew she had to be pragmatic— if she proposed animal rights legislation, she probably wouldn't get reelected.
Living by preying on other animals; given to plundering, exploiting, or destroying others for one's own benefit.
Many "check-cashing" outlets are actually predatory lenders who charge interest rates that would be illegal in many nations.
having an inclination or tendency beforehand; susceptible. A predisposition is an inclination or tendency.
His defense attorney argued that his abusive childhood predisposed him to a life of crime.
Having the greatest importance or influence; most common, main. A design might have a predominant color, a country might have a predominant religion. Sentence Correction problems
have tested the fact that you need to use predominant> NOT predominating, in these situations.
Prevent; take the place of, supplant; take before someone else can.
The speaker attempted to preempt an excessively long Q&A session by handing out a "Frequently Asked Questions" packet at the beginning of the seminar.
Proposition on which an argument is based. The functional parts of an argument other than the conclusion. Less commonly, premise is a verb, as in The report is premised on (based on) this study.
For somewhat obscure reasons, "the premises" can also refer to a building and its surrounding land.
The study showed that selective breeding could cause the progeny of wolves to become more like dogs in a small number of generations.
Projecting outward, sticking out; very noticeable. A prominent nose might not be a desirable characteristic, according to some people, but a prominent citizen is generally a well-known and
Distinct, strong, clearly indicated.
Aunt Shirley claimed we would never know that her "secret recipe" for brownies involved lots of healthy vegetables, but the brownies had a pronounced asparagus flavor.
Breed, cause to multiply.
Some plants can be propagated from cuttings—my mother gave me a piece of her houseplant, and it grew roots after just a few days in water.