duodenum - the first part of the small intestine
jejunum - the second part of the small intestine
ileum - the third part of the small intestine
append/o & appenic/o
instrument for examining
under, below, deficient
protrusion of any organ, tissue, or structure through the wall of the cavity in which it is naturally contained.
passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestional juices
lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat
Inflamation of the appendix, usually due to obstruction or infection.
treat and prevent heartburn and acid reflux
used to treat diarrhea
used to treat nausea and vomiting
used to treat irritable bowel syndrome, spastic colon and diverticulitis
used to treat constipation
upper GI and lower GI
involuntary pushing of food along tract
breakdown of food providing body with essential water, nutrients, and minerals. Completes mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods for absorption by cell membranes
passage of food from digestive tract to other systems
elimination of waste
Gastrointestinal tract (alimentary canal)
extends from the mouth to the anus.
5. Small Intestine
6. Large Intestine
3. saliva glands
breaks down carbs into maltose (beginning of digestion) ie. cotton candy
food broken up into a small, round mass
32 permanent teeth
# of adult teeth
closed off by the uvula and small palate (involuntary)
back of mouth into throat (food voluntarily forced back there)
after food has passed the sealed off Larynx, it passes through here to the esophagus
an enzyme that starts the break down of protiens into amino acids
large folds of the stomach when the stomach is empty, the folds disappear when there is food in the stomach (expands and contracts)
responsible for insulin production
turns fats into fatty acids (glycerol)
turns carbs into maltose (glucose)
in the RUQ and the largest internal organ in the body. Manufactures the anticoagulant heprin, prothombin and thrombin. Detoxifies the blood
agent that slows the clotting process
where most of digestion takes place, 80% of absorption takes place here. 21 feet long and has 3 sections
starts at the stomach
ends at large intestine
no digestion takes place here. Water and vitamins are absorbed here. 4 sections
appendix is attached
Peptic ulcer disease (PUD)
open sores in the stomach caused by smoking, alcohol and asprin.
protrusion of organ tissue or structure through wall of cavity. Can cause strangulation or necrosis.
enlargement of veins in anal area
liver can no longer remove bilirubin causing yellowing of the skin
ingestion of fecal matter
blood and body fluids
Upper GI endoscopy
esophaoscopy, gastoscopy and duodenoscopy
Lower GI endoscopy
removal of inflamed or infected appendix
non-invasive surgical proceedure that uses sound waves to break up masses for easy passing. - gallstones, kidney stones.
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