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23 terms

UNIT 2 PhYsiCaL GeO

STUDY
PLAY
Physical processes
a sustained phenomenon or one marked by gradual changes through a series of states.
Environment
the aggregate of surrounding things, conditions, or influences
Regions
an extensive, continuous part of a surface, space or body.
Weather
condition of the atmosphere at a particular location and time.
Tectonic Forces
forces generated inside the Earth that cause deformation of rock as well as vertical and horizontal movement of portions of the Earth's crust.
Erosion
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports soil and sediment from one location to another
Soil building
Weathering and erosion helps build soil; humus is the organic material found in soil which affects its fertility
Elevation
the height of land above sea level
Latitude
the distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees
Wind Systems
air movement patterns on earth's surface; polar easterlies, prevailing westerlies, tradewinds, and doldrums
Ocean Currents
ocean streams that are propelled by prevailing winds and earth rotation
Mountain Barriers
Air rises, cools, and forms clouds. This phenomena leaves one side of the mountain range moist (the winward side) and the other side dry (the leeward side)
Temperature
how hot or cold the air is
Precipitation
any form of water particles that falls from the atmosphere and reaches the ground
Climate Regions
physical regions that are are organized by climate or the weather pattern that an area has over a long period of time
Earth-Sun Relationship
the position of the earth relative to the sun that helps to determine day and night, seasons and time zones. rotation= day and night; revolution aroung the sun= seasons
Lithosphere
sold rock portion of the earth's surface which includes the crust and the uppermost mantle
Biosphere
lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere
Hydrosphere
the way water moves though the world
Atmosphere
the mass of air surrounding a planet
Landforms
areas of the earth that are not man made, the names we use to describe the land and water; Features of topography formed by the processes that shape Earth's surface.
Climate
weather conditions of a location over a long period of time
Biomes
a broad, regional type of ecosystem characterized by distinctive climate and soil conditions and a distinctive kind of biological community adapted to those conditions.